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Die Rolle der Innovationsförderung im Aufholprozess Ostdeutschlands

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  • Czarnitzki, Dirk
  • Licht, Georg

Abstract

Der Beitrag untersucht die Effektivität der Innovationsförderung in den neuen Ländern. Dabei wird ein doppelter Vergleich angestellt. Zum einen analysieren wir die Auswirkungen der Förderung hinsichtlich der FuE-Anreize und der FuE-Ergebnisse durch einen Vergleich von geförderten und nicht-geförderten Unternehmen. Zum zweiten vergleichen wir die Effekte der Förderung in den neuen Ländern mit den Effekten der FuE-Förderung in den alten Ländern. Untersucht wird mit evaluationsökonometrischen Methoden die Anreizwirkung der staatlichen FuE-Förderung auf die private Innovationstätigkeit. Zudem werden Zähldatenmodelle zur Schätzung von Innovationsproduktionsfunktionen eingesetzt, um zu untersuchen, ob Effizienzunterschiede zwischen öffentlich geförderten und eigenfinanzierten FuE-Projekten nachweisbar sind. Es zeigen sich sowohl in Ost- als auch in Westdeutschland positive Effekte der Innovationsförderung. In Ostdeutschland sind die geschätzten Anreizeffekte auf den FuE-Input größer als im Westen. Die Analyse der Patentaktivitäten der Unternehmen ergibt, dass die durch die Förderung induzierte FuE auch positive Innovationsoutputeffekte hat. Jedoch ist die Produktivität der geförderten FuE etwas geringer als diejenige der eigenfinanzierten FuE. Diese Ergebnisse deuten auch darauf hin, dass die FuE-Produktivität in den neuen Ländern geringer ist als in den alten Ländern. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 04-68.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:2357

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Keywords: FuE; Innovation; Subventionen; Politikevaluation;

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References

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  1. Bronwyn H. Hall., 1999. "Innovation and Market Value," Economics Working Papers E99-265, University of California at Berkeley.
  2. Dirk Czarnitzki, 2005. "The Extent and Evolution of Productivity Deficiency in Eastern Germany," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 211-231, October.
  3. Paul A. David & Bronwyn H. Hall & Andrew A. Toole, 1999. "Is Public R&D a Complement or Substitute for Private R&D? A Review of the Econometric Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7373, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Holemans, Benni & Sleuwaegen, Leo, 1988. "Innovation expenditures and the role of government in Belgium," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 375-379, December.
  5. Zvi Griliches & Jacques Mairesse, 1981. "Productivity and R and D at the Firm Level," NBER Working Papers 0826, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Hall, Bronwyn H., 2002. "The Financing of Research and Development," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt34c1c643, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
  7. Tor Jakob Klette & Jarle Møen & Zvi Griliches, 1999. "Do Subsidies to Commercial R&D Reduce Market Failures? Microeconomic Evaluation Studies," NBER Working Papers 6947, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Klette, T.J. & Moen, J. & Griliches, Z., 1999. "Do Subsidies to Commercial R&D Reduce Market Failures? Microeconometric Evaluation Studies," Papers 16/99, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
  9. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Kraft, Kornelius, 2004. "Innovation indicators and corporate credit ratings: evidence from German firms," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 377-384, March.
  10. Licht, Georg & Zoz, Konrad, 1996. "Patents and R&D: an econometric investigation using applications for German, European and US patents by German companies," ZEW Discussion Papers 96-19, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  11. Czarnitzki, Dirk, 2002. "Research and development: financial constraints and the role of public funding for small and medium-sized enterprises," ZEW Discussion Papers 02-74, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  12. Switzer, Lorne, 1984. "The Determinants of Industrial R&D: A Funds Flow Simultaneous Equation Approach," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 66(1), pages 163-68, February.
  13. Heckman, James J. & Lalonde, Robert J. & Smith, Jeffrey A., 1999. "The economics and econometrics of active labor market programs," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 31, pages 1865-2097 Elsevier.
  14. Czarnitzki, Dirk, 2001. "Die Auswirkung der Forschungs- und Technologiepolitik auf die Innovationsaktivitäten ostdeutscher Unternehmen," ZEW Discussion Papers 01-05, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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Cited by:
  1. Oskar Krohmer, 2010. "Zur Verdrängungswirkung staatlicher FuE-Förderung," ifo Dresden berichtet, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 17(04), pages 49-51, 08.

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