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Flexicurity: A new paradigm for labour market policy reform?

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  • Wilthagen, Ton
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    Abstract

    This paper discusses the recently coined concept of flexicurity. It is outlined how this concept gained importance in legislative and labour market policy reform in the Netherlands, linking a number of previously separated areas of policy-making such as flexibilization and deregulation of the labour market on the one hand and social security and the concern for the negative consequences of flexible employment on the other hand. Second, the paper explores the relevance and significance of the concept to a theory of transitional labour markets. It is suggested that 'flexicurity', as a trade off or new balance between labour market flexibility and increased security for workers (especially those in precarious situations) might define more precisely and accurately the legal, social and perhaps even psychological conditions under which labour markets can become truly transitional, i.e. triggering, fostering and safeguarding transitions between employment and other distinct social systems such as private households, education, retirement and unemployment. In this way, flexicurity could be considered as an implementation strategy for transitional labour markets. -- In diesem Papier wird das vor kurzem in den Niederlanden entwickelte „Flexicurity- Konzept vorgestellt. Es wird kurz beschrieben, wie dieses Konzept bei Gesetzgebungs- und arbeitsmarktpolitischen Reformen in den Niederlanden an Bedeutung gewann, indem es bisher getrennt behandelte Themen politischen Handelns wie einerseits Flexibilisierung und Deregulierung des Arbeitsmarkts und andererseits soziale Sicherheit und die Probleme der negativen Auswirkungen flexibler Beschäftigung miteinander verknüpft. Außerdem wird überprüft, inwieweit dieses Konzept einen Beitrag für eine Theorie der Übergangsarbeitsmärkte leisten kann. Das „Flexicurity- Konzept, verstanden als Wechselwirkung oder neue Balance zwischen Arbeitsmarktflexibilität und verbesserter sozialer Sicherung der Arbeitnehmer (vor allem derjenigen in gefährdeten Arbeitsverhältnissen), kann die gesetzlichen, sozialen und vielleicht auch psychologischen Voraussetzungen für wirklich durchlässige Arbeitsmärkte hinreichend genau definieren. Dies bezieht sich auf die Initiierung, Förderung und Absicherung der Übergänge zwischen Beschäftigung und anderen sozialen Bereichen wie private Haushalte, Erziehung, Rente und Arbeitslosigkeit. In diesem Sinne kann Flexicurity als eine Implementationsstrategie für Übergangsarbeitsmärkte verstanden werden.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number FS I 98-202.

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    Date of creation: 1998
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:fsi98202

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    References

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    1. Schmid, Günther, 1997. "The Dutch employment miracle? A comparison of employment systems in the Netherlands and Germany," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 97-202, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
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    Cited by:
    1. Alessio J. G. Brown & Dennis Snower, 2009. "Incentives and Complementarities of Flexicurity," Kiel Working Papers 1526, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    2. Toichiro Asada & Peter Flaschel & Alfred Greiner & Christian Proano, 2010. "Sustainable Capitalism: Full-Employment Flexicurity Growth with Real Wage Rigidities," IMK Working Paper 5-2010, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    3. Ionete Anca, 2012. "Some Reflections On Flexicurity-The European Approach To Labour Market Policy," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(2), pages 94-99, December.
    4. Kress, Ulrike, 1998. "Vom Normalarbeitsverhältnis zur Flexibilisierung des Arbeitsmarktes : ein Literaturbericht (From the regular employment relationship to the flexibilisation of the labour market : a literature report)," Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 31(3), pages 488-505.
    5. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00435255 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:iab:iabmit:v:35:i:1:p:90-106 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Michael Bolle & José Caétano & Jaakko Kiander & Vladimir Lavrac & Renzo Orsi & Tiiu Paas & Katarzyna Zukrowska, 2002. "The Eastward Enlargement of the Eurozone - State of the Art Report," Eastward Enlargement of the Euro-zone Working Papers, Free University Berlin, Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence wp02, Free University Berlin, Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence, revised 01 Jan 2002.
    8. Kemmerling, Achim, 2001. "Die Messung des Sozialstaates: Beschäftigungspolitische Unterschiede zwischen Brutto- und Nettosozialleistungsquote," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 01-201, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    9. Räisänen, Heikki & Schmid, Günther, 2008. "Transitional labour markets and flexicurity from the Finnish labour market point of view," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2008-108, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    10. Keller, Berndt & Seifert, Hartmut, 2002. "Flexicurity: Wie lassen sich Flexibilität und soziale Sicherheit vereinbaren? (Flexicurity - how can flexibility and social security be reconciled?)," Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 35(1), pages 90-106.
    11. Michael Neugart, 2008. "The choice of insurance in the labor market," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 134(3), pages 445-462, March.
    12. Haak, Carroll & Schmid, Günther, 1999. "Arbeitsmärkte für Künstler und Publizisten: Modelle einer zukünftigen Arbeitswelt?," Papers, Research Network Project "Work and Ecology" P 99-506, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    13. Kemmerling, Achim, 2007. "The end of work or work without end? The role of voters' beliefs in shaping policies of early exit," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2007-108, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    14. Alka Obadić, 2009. "Examining the Danish flexicurity labour market concept," EFZG Working Papers Series 0904, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb.
    15. repec:ilo:ilowps:410210 is not listed on IDEAS

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