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Dezentrale Wirtschaftspolitik in Europa: Basis einer stabilen Währungsunion

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  • Berthold, Norbert
  • Gründler, Klaus
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    Abstract

    Die gegenwärtige Ruhe in der Eurozone trügt. Der Euro steht weiter auf der Kippe. Das Machtwort von Mario Draghi hat nichts gelöst. Die Dreifach-Krise - Banken-, Staatsschulden- und Wettbewerbskrise - schwelt weiter. Das Grundübel der Währungsunion ist multiples 'moral hazard'. Finanzinstitute verlagern hohe Risiken auf die Steuerzahler. Die gegenwärtige Generation bürdet künftigen Generationen schwere Lasten auf. Länder mit anhaltenden Leistungsbilanzdefiziten leben über ihre Verhältnisse. So kann eine Währungsunion nicht funktionieren. Notwendig ist ein institutionelles Design, das es schwerer macht, auf Kosten von Dritten zu leben. Ein wettbewerblicheres Umfeld ist der Schlüssel zum Erfolg. Das gilt auch in der Wirtschaftspolitik. Die Lohn- und Tarifpolitik darf nicht europäisiert, sie muss verbetrieblicht werden. Keine zentrale, sondern eine regionalisierte Arbeits-markt- und Sozialpolitik ist das Gebot der Stunde. Die Steuer- und Ausgabenpolitik darf nicht europäisiert, sie muss stärker dezentralisiert werden. Gelingt es Europa allerdings nicht, langfristig auf einen höheren Wachstumspfad zu kommen, wird der Euro scheitern. --

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Lehrstuhl für Volkswirtschaftslehre, insbes. Wirtschaftsordnung und Sozialpolitik in its series Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Beiträge with number 121.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wuewwb:121

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    1. Pauline Musset, 2012. "School Choice and Equity: Current Policies in OECD Countries and a Literature Review," OECD Education Working Papers 66, OECD Publishing.
    2. Berthold, Norbert & Gründler, Klaus, 2013. "The growth crisis of Germany: A blueprint of the developed economies," Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Beiträge 120, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Lehrstuhl für Volkswirtschaftslehre, insbes. Wirtschaftsordnung und Sozialpolitik.
    3. Berthold, Norbert & Gründler, Klaus, 2012. "Entrepreneurship and economic growth in a panel of countries," Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Beiträge 118, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Lehrstuhl für Volkswirtschaftslehre, insbes. Wirtschaftsordnung und Sozialpolitik.
    4. Robert J. Barro, 2003. "Determinants of Economic Growth in a Panel of Countries," CEMA Working Papers 505, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
    5. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1990. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 3541, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Robert J. Barro & Jong-Wha Lee, 2010. "A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950–2010," NBER Working Papers 15902, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. James J. Heckman & Dimitriy V. Masterov, 2007. "The Productivity Argument for Investing in Young Children," NBER Working Papers 13016, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Barro, Robert J, 2000. " Inequality and Growth in a Panel of Countries," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 5-32, March.
    9. Fabrice Orlandi, 2012. "Structural unemployment and its determinants in the EU countries," European Economy - Economic Papers 455, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
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