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Vertrauen und Sozialkapital an einer wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität der Bundeswehr München und in Deutschland: Eine empirische Studie

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  • Sell, Friedrich L.
  • Reidelhuber, Martin
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    Abstract

    Dieser Beitrag ist das Ergebnis eines sechs Monate langen Studienprojekts, durchgeführt an der Fakultät für Wirtschafts- und Organisationswissenschaften (WOW) an der Universität der Bundeswehr München. Gemeinsam mit 17 (männlichen und weiblichen) Studenten hat das "akademische Team", bestehend aus Friedrich L. Sell and Martin Reidelhuber, die theoretischen Grundlagen der (auch) in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften verwendeten Begriffe "Vertrauen" and "Sozialkapital" erarbeitet, um anschließend einen umfangreichen Fragebogen zu erstellen, der sich an den Pionierarbeiten der "World Value Surveys" (verschiedene Jahrgänge) sowie der "Fundación BBVA" (2006) orientiert hat. Der Fragebogen wurde elektronisch mit Hilfe des online tools "2ask" von 319 der 529 (männlichen und weiblichen) WOW-Studenten (die zugleich Offiziere und Offizierinnen der Deutschen Bundeswehr sind) ausgefüllt. Absicht der Befragung war es vor allem, das Ausmaß und verschiedene Aspekte des Vertrauens und des Sozialkapitals bei den WOW-Studenten zu ermitteln. Ebenfalls war es uns möglich, die eigenen, bei der Umfrage erzielten Resultate mit den Ergebnissen der BBVA zu vergleichen, die ein Jahr zuvor eine ähnliche (repräsentative) Umfrage u. a. unter 1300 Deutschen durchgeführt hatte. Drei Ergebnisse stechen hervor: Erstens haben die WOW-StudentInnen offenbar nicht sehr andersartige Vorstellungen als eine repräsentative Auswahl der deutschen Bevölkerung in der BBVA-Studie zu den Themen "Vertrauen" und "Sozialkapital". Zweitens hat sich ergeben, dass beide Untersuchungsgruppen systematisch (mehr oder weniger abstrakten) Institutionen deutlich stärker "trauen" als den ausführenden Repräsentanten dieser Institutionen. Drittens hat sich gezeigt, dass die untersuchte WOW-Gruppe in Teilen intensiver, in anderen Teilen weniger intensiv in soziale Netze eingebunden ist als die gesamtdeutsche Bevölkerung. Das ist vor allem ihrer besonderen Berufs- und Lebenssituation – sie sind zugleich Studenten und als Offiziere Angehörige der Bundeswehr – geschuldet. -- This paper is the result of a six months lasting project conducted at the faculty of economics, business administration and organizational science of the "Universität der Bundeswehr München". Together with 17 (male and female) students, the academic team, composed of Friedrich L. Sell and Martin Reidelhuber, worked on the theoretical basics of "trust" and "social capital" and, thereafter, elaborated an extensive questionnaire, based on the pioneer work by "World Value Surveys" (various years) and "Fundación BBVA" (2006). The questionnaire was filled out with the help of the online tool "2ask" by 319 out of 529 (male and female) students (who, at the same time, are officers of the German Armed Forces) at the faculty of economics, business administration and organizational science. Our intension was to detect the size and different aspects of "trust" and "social capital" among the students who responded. Also, we could compare many of our results with the results achieved by BBVA for a representative spot check of (1300) Germans in 2006. Three findings figure prominently: first, the students in Neubiberg, in general, do not differ significantly in their beliefs from the German population as a whole. Second: Both interrogated groups apparently have more trust in abstract (governmental and non-governmental) institutions than in the actions of people who represent those institutions in daily life. Third: the students' group is differently integrated into social networks than the overall German population; this seems to be due to their special professional and life situation, being at the same time students and officers of the German Armed Forces.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Universität der Bundeswehr München, Economic Research Group in its series Working Papers in Economics with number 2007,1.

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    Date of creation: 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:ubwwpe:20071

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    Related research

    Keywords: Vertrauen Sozialkapital; Online-Umfrage; empirische Untersuchung; trust; social capital; online questionnaire; empirical investigation;

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    1. Dumke, Rolf H, 1990. "Reassessing the Wirtschaftswunder: Reconstruction and Postwar Growth in West Germany in an International Context," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(4), pages 451-91, Special I.
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