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Wie erfolgversprechend ist die Reproduktion institutionellen Designs? Individualbeschwerden im Kontext des Inter-Amerikanischen Menschenrechtssystems sowie des juristischen Systems der Andengemeinschaft

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  • Blome, Kerstin
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    Abstract

    Das vorliegende Papier untersucht exemplarisch, ob sich der Erfolg juristischer Systeme reproduzieren lässt. Hierbei wird eine zentrale Annahme der Regimetheorie zugrunde gelegt, wonach das spezifische Design einer Institution für deren effektives Funktionieren eine zentrale Rolle spielt. Das Papier beleuchtet ausführlich die Rechtspraxis des inter-amerikanischen Menschenrechtssystems sowie des juristischen Systems der Andengemeinschaft, deren institutionelles Design sich explizit an erfolgreichen europäischen Vorbildern orientiert: am Menschenrechtssystem des Europarates sowie am Rechtssystem der Europäischen Union. Die lateinamerikanischen Systeme sind jedoch mit gänzlich anderen Kontextbedingungen als ihre europäischen Vorbilder konfrontiert. In vielen Ländern der Region sind Demokratie und Rechtsstaatlichkeit äußerst fragil, massive und systematische Menschenrechtsverletzungen waren und sind vielerorts an der Tagesordnung, regionale Bündnisse kranken an den schwachen, meist auf Rohstoffexporten basierenden Ökonomien ihrer Mitgliedsländer. Wie erfolgversprechend ist die Reproduktion des Designs angesichts dieser Rahmenbedingungen? Zur Beantwortung dieser Frage wird mittels der Indikatoren Beschwerdezahlen, Verfahrensdauer, Verfahrensausgang sowie Umsetzung der Urteile die Rechtspraxis der lateinamerikanischen Systeme in vergleichender Perspektive zu den europäischen Institutionen bewertet. -- The present study analyses the prospects of reproducing successful international judicial systems. The analysis is based on a core assumption of regime theory that specific design plays a crucial role for an institution's effectiveness. The paper scrutinizes the Inter-American human rights system's and the Andean system's legal practice whose institutional design is explicitly modeled on European prototypes: the Council of Europe's human rights system and the judicial system of the European Union. However, apart from the institutional design no further similarities exist between the European institutions and their American counterparts. The latter have to deal with highly problematic background circumstances such as poor economic records, precarious democratic structures, shallow rule-of-law standards, as well as massive human rights violations. How promising is institutional reproduction against these background conditions? In order to answer this question, the legal practice of the Latin-American institutions is evaluated, using the indicators number of complaints, duration and outcome of proceedings, and compliance with rulings.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Bremen, Collaborative Research Center 597: Transformations of the State in its series TranState Working Papers with number 144.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:sfb597:144

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    1. Keohane, Robert O. & Moravcsik, Andrew & Slaughter, Anne-Marie, 2000. "Legalized Dispute Resolution: Interstate and Transnational," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(03), pages 457-488, June.
    2. Moravcsik, Andrew, 2000. "The Origins of Human Rights Regimes: Democratic Delegation in Postwar Europe," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(02), pages 217-252, March.
    3. Mitchell, Ronald B., 1994. "Regime design matters: intentional oil pollution and treaty compliance," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 48(03), pages 425-458, June.
    4. Smith, James McCall, 2000. "The Politics of Dispute Settlement Design: Explaining Legalism in Regional Trade Pacts," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(01), pages 137-180, December.
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