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Die sektorale Dimension der Konvergenz: Eine empirische Untersuchung für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland

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  • Balz, Christoph
  • Schulze, Peter M.
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    Abstract

    In der vorliegenden Analyse wird mittels sektoral disaggregierter Daten untersucht, inwieweit in Deutschland wirtschaftliche Konvergenz der Bundesländer (Kreise) im Zeitraum 1970 (1980) bis 1995 (1994) vorliegt. Der Beitrag der verschiedenen Branchen wird anhand der Beta- und der Sigma-Konvergenz überprüft. Dabei zeigte sich eine Wachstumskonvergenz dahingehend, daß die Arbeitsproduktivität in ärmeren Regionen eine höhere Wachstumsrate aufwies als in reicheren. Einen wesentlichen Beitrag dazu lieferte die Reallokation von Erwerbstätigen aus der Landwirtschaft in andere Branchen, insbesondere in zurückgebliebenen Regionen. -- This paper uses German sectorally disaggregated data to analyze the extent of economic convergence of the Bundesländer (Kreise) between 1970 (1980) and 1995 (1994). The contribution of the sectors to beta - and sigma-convergence is measured. It is shown that the growth rate of productivity of labour in poorer regions is higher than in richer ones. A prominent role plays the effect of reallocation of employment from agriculture to other sectors.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Institut für Statistik und Ökonometrie in its series Arbeitspapiere des Instituts für Statistik und Ökonometrie with number 19.

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    Date of creation: 1999
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:maista:19

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    Postal: Haus Recht und Wirtschaft I, Jakob-Welder-Weg 9, D-55128 Mainz
    Phone: +49 6131 39-22223
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    1. Bernard, A.B. & Jones, C.I., 1993. "Productivity Across Industries and Countries: Time Series Theory and Evidence," Working papers 93-17, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
    2. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1994. "Regional Cohesion: Evidence and Theories of Regional Growth and Convergence," CEPR Discussion Papers 1075, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Angel de la Fuente & Vicente Salas Fumás, . "On the sources of convergence: A close look at the Spanish regions," Studies on the Spanish Economy 01, FEDEA.
    4. Bernard, Andrew B & Jones, Charles I, 1996. "Productivity and Convergence across U.S. States and Industries," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 21(1), pages 113-35.
    5. Quah, Danny, 1993. " Galton's Fallacy and Tests of the Convergence Hypothesis," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(4), pages 427-43, December.
    6. Paci, Raffaele & Pigliaru, Francesco, 1997. "Structural change and convergence: an Italian regional perspective," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 297-318, August.
    7. Funke, Michael & Strulik, Holger, 1999. "Regional growth in West Germany: convergence or divergence?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 489-502, December.
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