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Eigennutz als Triebfeder des Wohlstands: Die "invisible hand" - im Hörsaal-Experiment sichtbar gemacht

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  • Kirstein, Roland
  • Schmidtchen, Dieter

Abstract

Die empirische Prüfung theoretischer Forschungsergebnisse wirft in der Ökonomie - wie bei jeder Sozialwissenschaft - Probleme auf. Anders als in den Naturwissenschaften können volkswirtschaftliche Problemstellungen kaum in Labors nachgestellt werden. Seit einigen Jahren nutzen Ökonomen allerdings die Erfahrungen der Psychologie mit stilisierten Experimenten, um zumindest ihre grundlegenden Verhaltenshypothesen testen zu können. Dieser Beitrag stellt ein einfaches Hörsaal-Experiment vor, das Adam Smiths Hypothese von der "unsichtbaren Hand" im Marktgeschehen empirisch überprüft. Das Experiment zeigt zudem, wie Wettbewerb als Entdeckungsverfahren funktioniert, und besitzt hohen didaktischen Wert: Die Studenten erhalten Einblick in empirische Forschung und erleben hautnah das Funktionieren des Marktes. -- In Economics, like in any social science, empirical tests of theoretical results face the problem that the economy cannot be reproduced in laboratories. Drawing on the experience of Psychology, Experimental Economics nowadays uses stylised experiments to test at least the basic assumptions of the economic theory of human behavior. This paper describes a simple classroom experiment that serves as an empiricial test of Adam Smith's invisible- hand hypothesis. It demonstrates that competition acts as a discovery procedure. The experiment is of high didactical value, since the students gain insights into empirical research and experience how markets work.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics in its series CSLE Discussion Paper Series with number 2002-01.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:csledp:200201

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Related research

Keywords: Hayek-Hypothese; Effizienz; Experimente; Didaktik;

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Cited by:
  1. Schmidtchen, Dieter, 2004. "Recht, Eigentum und Effizienz: Zu F. A. v. Hayeks Verfassung der Freiheit," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 2004-07, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.
  2. Schmidtchen, Dieter, 2006. "Wettbewerbsfreiheit, Per se Verbote und die Rule of Reason: Anmerkungen zum institutionenökonomisch-evolutionären Wettbewerbsleitbild," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 2006-04, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.
  3. Dieter Schmidtchen, . "Wettbewerbsfreiheit, Per se Verbote und die Rule of Reason – Anmerkungen zum institutionenökonomisch-evolutionären Wettbewerbsleitbild
    Freedom to compete, per se rules and the rule of reason
    ," German Working Papers in Law and Economics 2006-1-1159, Berkeley Electronic Press.
  4. Roland Kirstein & Matthias Peiss, 2013. "Quantitative Machtkonzepte in der Ökonomik," FEMM Working Papers 130004, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management.
  5. Schmidtchen, Dieter, 2006. "Wettbewerbsschutz durch regelgeleitete Wettbewerbspolitik: Anmerkungen zum institutionenökonomisch-evolutionären Wettbewerbsleitbild," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 2006-10, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.

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