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Marktstruktur, Innovationsaktivität und Profitabilität der deutschen Ernährungswirtschaft: Das Beispiel Functional Food

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  • Wittkopp, Antje
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    Abstract

    Innovative gesundheitsförderliche Lebensmittel, sogenannte Functional Food, haben in den letzten Jahren in Deutschland zunehmende Bedeutung gewonnen. Auf der Basis des Struktur-Verhalten-Ergebnis-Ansatzes wird im Rahmen dieser Arbeit für den Zeitraum 1995 bis 1999 empirisch der Einfluss der Marktstruktur auf die allgemeine Innovationsaktivität sowie speziell jene im Functional Food-Segment untersucht. Ferner wird geprüft, inwiefern diese Innovationsaktivitäten die Profitabilität von 23 Branchen des deutschen Ernährungsgewerbes determinieren. -- In recent years functional foods, which are innovative food products that provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition, have become increasingly important in Germany. Using the structure-conduct-performance approach this study examines the effect of market structure on overall innovative activity and functional food activity in particular. Furthermore, this paper analyses the influence of these innovative activities on profitability of 23 German food industry sectors from 1995 to 1999.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Food Economics and Consumption Studies in its series FE Working Papers with number 0205.

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    Date of creation: 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:caufew:0205

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    Web page: http://www.food-econ.uni-kiel.de/
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    Keywords: Produktinnovation; Functional Food; Marktstruktur; Profitabilität; Struktur-Verhalten-Ergebnis-Ansatz; Ernährungswirtschaft; Panelanalyse; product innovation; functional food; market structure; profitability; structure-conduct-performance approach; food industry; panel data analysis;

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    1. Simon Feeny & Mark Rogers, 2001. "Innovation and Performance: Benchmarking Australian Firms," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2001n07, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
    2. Cohen, Wesley M. & Levin, Richard C., 1989. "Empirical studies of innovation and market structure," Handbook of Industrial Organization, in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 18, pages 1059-1107 Elsevier.
    3. Claudia Roder & Roland Herrmann & John Connor, 2000. "Determinants of new product introductions in the US food industry: a panel-model approach," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(11), pages 743-748.
    4. Geroski, P A, 1990. "Innovation, Technological Opportunity, and Market Structure," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 42(3), pages 586-602, July.
    5. Dasgupta, Partha & Stiglitz, Joseph, 1981. "Entry, innovation, exit : Towards a dynamic theory of oligopolistic industrial structure," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 137-158.
    6. Scherer, F M, 1992. "Schumpeter and Plausible Capitalism," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 1416-33, September.
    7. Wittkopp, Antje & Körner, Julia, 2001. "Produktdiversifikation und Profitabilität der deutschen Ernährungswirtschaft: Eine theoretische und empirische Betrachtung," FE Working Papers 0103, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Food Economics and Consumption Studies.
    8. Sabourin, David & Baldwin, John R. & Hanel, Peter, 2000. "Determinants of Innovative Activity in Canadian Manufacturing Firms: The Role of Intellectual Property Rights," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2000122e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    9. Dubey, Pradeep & Wu, Chien-wei, 2002. "When less competition induces more product innovation," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 74(3), pages 309-312, February.
    10. Gottschalk, Sandra & Janz, Norbert, 2001. "Innovation dynamics and endogenous market structure: econometric results from aggregated survey data," ZEW Discussion Papers 01-39, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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