Observing Different Orders of Risk Aversion
AbstractA decision maker's attitude towards risk is said to be of order (i), (i) = 1, 2, if for every given risk (e) with expected value zero, the risk premium the decision maker is willing to pay to avoid the risk (te) goes with (t) to zero at the same order as t[superscript i]. This article presents an experiment testing the order of decision makers' attitudes toward risk. Its major result is that both attitudes exist, each in significant proportions. Moreover, two classes of first-order behavior are defined. The rank-dependent model (Quiggin, 1982) belongs to one, the disappointment aversion model (Gul, 1991) to the other. We show that only the first of these two classes appears among our subjects. Copyright 1994 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
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