Die Definition der Situation und die variable Rationalität der Akteure. Ein allgemeines Modell des Handelns auf der Basis von Hartmut Essers Frame-Selektionstheorie
AbstractThe article presents a general model of action based on Hartmut Esser' s theory of frame-selection, which overcomes the central objections to the previous formalizations of the theory. This model explains how an actor defines a situation (frame-selection), which program of action he activates (script-selection) and which action he is willing to perform (action-selection). Proceeding from the assumption that the rationality of actors is variable, it goes on to specify the conditions under which an actor will consciously choose that alternative, which will maximize his subjective expected utility (reflecting-calculating mode), as opposed to those under which he will select without any prior reflection a mentally strongly accessible alternative (automatic-spontaneous mode). Thus the attempt is made to integrate concepts of action from sociology, economics and social psychology into a general and formally precise theory of action.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim & Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim in its series Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications with number 05-11.
Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: 07 Feb 2005
Date of revision:
Note: I am indebted to Hartmut Esser for stimulating discussions, suggestions, and encouragement. In addition, I would like to thank Josef Brüderl, Holger Endrös, Schima Hassan-Beik, Andreas Horr, and Volker Stocké for helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper. Financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, SFB 504, at the University of Mannheim, is gratefully acknowledged.
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