Wage and Mobility Effects of Trade and Migration
AbstractThe paper investigates the relative importance of trade and immigration for earnings and job mobility of German male workers. Using panel data, changes of workplaces within the firm as between the firms are separated from occupational changes. Various subgroups are investigated, differentiating between blue and white collar workers as according to job level and work experience. The general finding is that trade matters more than migration, which is contrary to the public attention both determinants receive, at least in Germany. While wages are affected negatively by a relative increase in imports, immigration exhibits a positive effect. Trade seems to depress occupational mobility and internal movement, but stimulates inter-firm changes. Immigration affects intra-firm changes negatively, but is largely unrelated with other aspects of labor mobility.
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panel data; probit model; trade; wages; occupational mobility; international migration;
Other versions of this item:
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
- C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
- F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
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