Entrepreneurial Opportunity and the Formation of the Photovoltaic Industry in Eastern Germany
AbstractResearch on the spatial distribution of economic activity has mainly focussed on identifying conditions that sustain industrial clusters, as they are perceived to be the locus of regional economic growth. Taking this static perspective, today only little is known about the factors that facilitate the emergence of spatial structures in new industries. To achieve deeper insights in these formation processes â€šÃ„Ã²theory must explain how information and resources for entrepreneurial activities come to be disproportionally massed in some places and some timesâ€šÃ„Ã´. Within this context, recent developments in institutional economic geography underline the role of social movements contributing to institutional change and government action, thus affecting entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial opportunity. As these institutions and government actions have a spatial dimension, they can induce Windows of Locational Opportunity (WLO) supporting the evolution of spatial patterns of new industries. Yet, little research has examined the role of institutional change and government action in the evolution of new industries or entrepreneurial opportunity. Regarding the energy sector, the importance of institutional change seems to hold for effects of environmental movements, as they were able to give an increased awareness of pre-existing technological solutions (esp. alternative sources of energy). Changes within this field - in earlier days as reaction to oil crises - can nowadays be seen as reactions in answer to climate change caused by emissions of CO2. This calls for a rapid rate of diffusion of CO2 neutral energy technologies so that the shift towards renewable energies results in a series of technological discontinuities in the energy field. The objective of this paper is to explain the evolution of spatial structures of one special type of renewable energies in Germany, the photovoltaic industry (PV). In a first step we demonstrate how environmental movements contributed to institutional change and government action leading to changes in the legal and regulative structure in Germany. We describe how these changes opened up a Window of Locational Opportunity and therefore combine the approach of the WLO concept with that of entrepreneurial opportunity.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa10p1460.
Date of creation: Sep 2011
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Welthandelsplatz 1, 1020 Vienna, Austria
Web page: http://www.ersa.org
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Andersson, Bjorn A. & Jacobsson, Staffan, 2000. "Monitoring and assessing technology choice: the case of solar cells," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(14), pages 1037-1049, November.
- Wustenhagen, Rolf & Bilharz, Michael, 2006. "Green energy market development in Germany: effective public policy and emerging customer demand," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(13), pages 1681-1696, September.
- Jacobsson, Staffan & Lauber, Volkmar, 2006. "The politics and policy of energy system transformation--explaining the German diffusion of renewable energy technology," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 256-276, February.
- Staffan Jacobsson & Anna Bergek, 2004. "Transforming the energy sector: the evolution of technological systems in renewable energy technology," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(5), pages 815-849, October.
- Matthias Brachert & Christoph Hornych, 2009. "Die Formierung von Photovoltaik-Clustern in Ostdeutschland," Wirtschaft im Wandel, Halle Institute for Economic Research, vol. 15(2), pages 81-90.
- Ron Boschma & Koen Frenken, 2008.
"Some Notes on Institutions in Evolutionary Economic Geography,"
Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG)
0817, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Oct 2008.
- Ron Boschma & Koen Frenken, 2009. "Some Notes on Institutions in Evolutionary Economic Geography," Economic Geography, Clark University, vol. 85(2), pages 151-158, 04.
- Mitchell, C. & Bauknecht, D. & Connor, P.M., 2006. "Effectiveness through risk reduction: a comparison of the renewable obligation in England and Wales and the feed-in system in Germany," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 297-305, February.
- Ron A. Boschma & Rik Wenting, 2007. "The spatial evolution of the British automobile industry: Does location matter?," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(2), pages 213-238, April.
- Peter Franz, 2008. "Wie reagieren Hochschulen auf neue Technologien? Das Beispiel der Photovoltaik," Wirtschaft im Wandel, Halle Institute for Economic Research, vol. 14(12), pages 460-467.
- Baumol, William J., 1993. "Formal entrepreneurship theory in economics: Existence and bounds," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 197-210, May.
- Michael S. Dahl & Christian Ø.R. Pedersen & Bent Dalum, 2003. "Entry by Spinoff in a High-tech Cluster," DRUID Working Papers 03-11, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
- Salas, V. & Olias, E., 2009. "Overview of the photovoltaic technology status and perspective in Spain," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(5), pages 1049-1057, June.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gunther Maier).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.