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Spatial disparities in productivity and industry mix: The case of the European regions

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  • Juan Miguel Benito

    ()

  • Roberto Ezcurra

    ()

Abstract

This paper applies nonparametric techniques in order to examine the evolution of the entire distribution of regional productivity in the European Union between 1977 and 1999. Likewise, we study the strength of the respective roles played by regional and sectoral factors in the convergence in productivity observed in the European context. To achieve this aim, we consider a new methodology involving a modification of conventional shift-share analysis and various results reported in the literature on personal income distribution. Our results suggest that regional inequality in productivity in the European Union is closely linked to intrinsic differences between regions. Likewise, the analyses performed reveal the major role played by the national component and the spatial dimension in the explanation of regional disparities in the product per worker in the European Union. In addition, our findings support the relevance of one-sector growth models for analysing regional disparities in per capita income.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa04p102.

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Date of creation: Aug 2004
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa04p102

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References

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  10. Esteban, J., 2000. "Regional convergence in Europe and the industry mix: a shift-share analysis," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 353-364, May.
  11. Paci, Raffaele & Pigliaru, Francesco, 1997. "Structural change and convergence: an Italian regional perspective," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 297-318, August.
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  13. R. Paci & F. Pigliaru, 1997. "European regional growth: do sectors matter?," Working Paper CRENoS, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia 199703, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  14. Quah, Danny T., 1996. "Regional convergence clusters across Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 951-958, April.
  15. R. Paci & F. Pigliaru, 2001. "Technological Diffusion, Spatial Spillovers And Regional Convergence In Europe," Working Paper CRENoS, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia 200101, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  16. Quah, Danny, 1996. "Regional Convergence Clusters Across Europe," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1286, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Kerstin Enflo, 2010. "Productivity and employment—Is there a trade-off? Comparing Western European regions and American states 1950–2000," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 401-421, October.
  2. Bruno Bracalente & Cristiano Perugini, 2010. "The components of regional disparities in Europe," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 44(3), pages 621-645, June.
  3. George Petrakos & Georgios Fotopoulos & Dimitris Kallioras, 2012. "Peripherality and integration: industrial growth and decline in the Greek regions," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 30(2), pages 347-361, April.
  4. Cristiano Perugini & Marcello Signorelli, 2005. "Employment Differences, Convergences and Similarities in Italian Provinces," Quaderni del Dipartimento di Economia, Finanza e Statistica, Università di Perugia, Dipartimento Economia, Finanza e Statistica 07/2005, Università di Perugia, Dipartimento Economia, Finanza e Statistica.
  5. Gaetano Martino & Cristiano Perugini, 2008. "Income inequality within European regions: determinants and effects on growth," Quaderni del Dipartimento di Economia, Finanza e Statistica, Università di Perugia, Dipartimento Economia, Finanza e Statistica 52/2008, Università di Perugia, Dipartimento Economia, Finanza e Statistica.
  6. Cristiano Perugini, 2008. "Employment and Unemployment in the Italian Provinces," Quaderni del Dipartimento di Economia, Finanza e Statistica, Università di Perugia, Dipartimento Economia, Finanza e Statistica 49/2008, Università di Perugia, Dipartimento Economia, Finanza e Statistica.
  7. Petrakos, George & Dimitris, Kallioras & Ageliki, Anagnostou, 2007. "A Generalized Model of Regional Economic Growth in the European Union," Papers, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) DYNREG12, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  8. Cristiano Perugini & Marcello Signorelli, 2007. "Labour Market Performance Differentials and Dynamics in EU-15 Countries and Regions," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 4(2), pages 209-262, September.

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