Measuring the Effects of Childbearing on Labor Market Outcomes
AbstractDecisions about childbearing and market work are significantly interrelated. Although there are many estimates of the effects of fertility on labor supply, few of them have adequately addressed the problems of simultaneity inherent in these choices. In our research we use exogenous variations in fertility due to twin births to measure the impact of an unplanned child on labor supply and earnings. We contrast these results to those for closely-spaced births (one year or less). We consider effects for married and unmarried mothers separately, and for married fathers. We discuss the implications of these measurements for estimating the magnitude of the rise in female labor supply and earnings as birthrates decline.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Wesleyan University, Department of Economics in its series Wesleyan Economics Working Papers with number 2005-002.
Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: May 2005
Date of revision:
fertility; labor supply; earnings;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
- J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
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