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Direct Foreign Investments And Productivity Growth In Hungarian Firms, 1992-1999

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  • Jérôme Sgard
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    Abstract

    The impact of FDI on total factor productivity in Hungary during the 1990s' is assessed with a large enterprise panel. Foreign equity is associated with higher productivity levels and has a substantial, positive spillover effect on aggregate TFP growth. However, this benefit is significant only when associated with export orientation, while inward-looking FDI has negative side effects. Regionally, the north-western area, close to EU borders, benefits much more from FDI, whether foreign-owned or locally-owned private firms are considered. Otherwise, only the later absorb a reduced volume of externalities. Finally, State ownership implies lower levels of productivity, but does not hinder the capacity to respond to market incentives, including FDI induced externalities.

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    File URL: http://www.wdi.umich.edu/files/Publications/WorkingPapers/wp425.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan in its series William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series with number 425.

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    Length: pages
    Date of creation: 01 Nov 2001
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:2001-425

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    Keywords: foreign direct investment; productivity; Hungary; transition; panel; localization; property rights;

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    References

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    1. Blomstrom, Magnus, 1986. "Foreign Investment and Productive Efficiency: The Case of Mexico," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(1), pages 97-110, September.
    2. James Tybout, 1999. "Manufacturing Firms in Developing Countries: How Well Do They Do, and Why?," Development and Comp Systems 9906001, EconWPA, revised 10 Jun 1999.
    3. Carlin, Wendy & Fries, Steven & Schaffer, Mark E & Seabright, Paul, 2001. "Competition and Enterprise Performance in Transition Economies: Evidence from a Cross-country Survey," CEPR Discussion Papers 2840, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Z, Griliches & Jacques Mairesse, 1997. "Production Functions : The Search for Identification," Working Papers 97-30, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
    5. Wendy Carlin & John Van Reenen & Toby Wolfe, 1995. "Enterprise restructuring in early transition: the case study evidence from Central and Eastern Europe," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 3(4), pages 427-458, December.
    6. Djankov, Simeon & Hoekman, Bernard M, 2000. "Foreign Investment and Productivity Growth in Czech Enterprises," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(1), pages 49-64, January.
    7. N Dryden & Stephen Nickell & D Nicolitsas, 1996. "What Makes Firms Perform Well?," CEP Discussion Papers dp0308, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    8. Simeon Djankov & Peter Murrell, 2002. "Enterprise Restructuring in Transition: A Quantitative Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 40(3), pages 739-792, September.
    9. Laszlo Halpern & Gabor Korosi, 1998. "Corporate Structure and Performance in Hungary," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 187, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    10. Laszlo Halpern & Gabor Korost, 2001. "Mark-ups in the Hungarian Corporate Sector," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 411, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    11. Ann E. Harrison & Brian J. Aitken, 1999. "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 605-618, June.
    12. Haddad, Mona & Harrison, Ann, 1993. "Are there positive spillovers from direct foreign investment? : Evidence from panel data for Morocco," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 51-74, October.
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    Cited by:
    1. Perotti, Enrico C & Vesnaver, Luka, 2004. "Enterprise Finance and Investment in Listed Hungarian Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 4194, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Nuno CRESPO & Isabel PROENÇA & Maria Paula FONTOURA, 2012. "The Spatial Dimension in FDI Spillovers: Evidence at the Regional Level from Portugal," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 12(1), pages 115-130.
    3. Nuno Crespo & Maria Paula Fontoura & Isabel Proença, 2009. "FDI spillovers at regional level: Evidence from Portugal," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 88(3), pages 591-607, 08.

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