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Consumption Patterns of the New Elite in Zimbabwe

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  • Russell Belk
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    Abstract

    Since Zimbabwean independence in 1980, a small percentage of the black population has become wealthy. This paper and a companion video explore the consumption patterns of members of this new black elite in post-colonial Zimbabwe. Given the violent war of independence and the avowedly socialist objectives of the new government, one expectation might be that the new black elite would seek to distinguish their lifestyles from those of the former colonialists. On the other hand, it could be argued that taking over the privileges of the former colonialists would be regarded as an authenticating mark of status for these black elites. And another possibility, in our increasingly global world, is that consumption referents may not come from Zimbabwe at all, but rather from media images of consumption in other parts of the world. This qualitative study finds that the consumption patterns of these nouveaux riches largely, but not entirely, emulate those of the former colonialists. In addition, informats clearly look to the West, particularly the U.S. and the U.K., for social comparisons. One negative effect of the enhanced economic status of the new elite in Zimbabwe is a tendency to eschew extended family support which is the traditional form of social security in much of Africa. Besides their increased wealth, for some, fundamentalist religion provides another rationale for neglecting extended family. Rising individualism and retreat to the nuclear family promote tension within the extended family and envy among others. Implications for understanding class structure and it implications in developing nations are addressed.

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    File URL: http://www.wdi.umich.edu/files/Publications/WorkingPapers/wp288.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan in its series William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series with number 288.

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    Length: pages
    Date of creation: 01 Feb 2000
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:2000-288

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    Keywords: social class; economic development; new wealth; conspicuous consumption; family structure; emulation; lifestyle; cultural capital; postcolonialism; globalism; cosmopolitanism;

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    1. Holt, Douglas B, 1998. " Does Cultural Capital Structure American Consumption?," Journal of Consumer Research, University of Chicago Press, vol. 25(1), pages 1-25, June.
    2. Thompson, Craig J & Tambyah, Siok Kuan, 1999. " Trying to Be Cosmopolitan," Journal of Consumer Research, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(3), pages 214-41, December.
    3. O'Guinn, Thomas C & Belk, Russell W, 1989. " Heaven on Earth: Consumption at Heritage Village, USA," Journal of Consumer Research, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(2), pages 227-38, September.
    4. Sherman, Amy L., 1997. "The Soul of Development: Biblical Christianity and Economic Transformation in Guatemala," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195106718.
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