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Trade policies and the debt crisis

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  • Laird, Sam
  • Nogues, Julio

Abstract

In the early 1980's, faced with a mounting debt crisis, most highly indebted developing countries increased trade barriers to generate more foreign exchange; but in the last three to four years, they have reversed course. Almost all highly indebted countries have undergone real devaluations and many have undertaken significant liberalizations. But industrial countries have imposed new non-tariff barriers against imports from highly indebted countries. Industrial countries'export subsidies have contributed to lower prices for beef, sugar and grains, which are important exports for some highly indebted countries. In general, highly indebted countries remain more protectionist than industrial nations. But growing protectionism in the industrial nations makes it more difficult for highly indebted countries to pay off their debts, and ultimately rebounds on creditor governments and banks.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 99.

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Date of creation: 30 Sep 1988
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:99

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Related research

Keywords: TF054105-DONOR FUNDED OPERATION ADMINISTRATION FEE INCOME AND EXPENSE ACCOUNT; Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies; Trade Policy; Trade and Regional Integration;

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References

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  1. André Sapir & Sam Laird, 1987. "Tariff preference," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/8248, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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Cited by:
  1. Freund, Caroline & Pierola, Martha Denisse, 2008. "Export surges : the oower of a competitive currency," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4750, The World Bank.
  2. Nogues, Julio, 1989. "Latin America's experience with export subsidies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 182, The World Bank.
  3. John Whalley, 1989. "Recent Trade Liberalization in the Developing World: What is Behind It, and Where is it Headed?," NBER Working Papers 3057, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Erzan, Refik, 1989. "Would general trade liberalization in developing countries expand South-South trade?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 319, The World Bank.
  5. Nogues, Julio, 1989. "The choice between unilateral and multilateral trade liberalization strategies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 239, The World Bank.
  6. Balassa, Bela, 1990. "Indicative planning in developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 439, The World Bank.

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