Trade policies and the debt crisis
AbstractIn the early 1980's, faced with a mounting debt crisis, most highly indebted developing countries increased trade barriers to generate more foreign exchange; but in the last three to four years, they have reversed course. Almost all highly indebted countries have undergone real devaluations and many have undertaken significant liberalizations. But industrial countries have imposed new non-tariff barriers against imports from highly indebted countries. Industrial countries'export subsidies have contributed to lower prices for beef, sugar and grains, which are important exports for some highly indebted countries. In general, highly indebted countries remain more protectionist than industrial nations. But growing protectionism in the industrial nations makes it more difficult for highly indebted countries to pay off their debts, and ultimately rebounds on creditor governments and banks.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 99.
Date of creation: 30 Sep 1988
Date of revision:
TF054105-DONOR FUNDED OPERATION ADMINISTRATION FEE INCOME AND EXPENSE ACCOUNT; Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies; Trade Policy; Trade and Regional Integration;
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- TF0 - - - - - -
- FUN - International Economics - - - - -
- OPE - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - - - -
- ADM - General Economics and Teaching - - - - -
- FEE - International Economics - - - - -
- INC - Health, Education, and Welfare - - - - -
- AND - General Economics and Teaching - - - - -
- EXP - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - - - -
- ACC - General Economics and Teaching - - - - -
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- André Sapir & Sam Laird, 1987. "Tariff preference," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/8248, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
- Nogues, Julio, 1989. "Latin America's experience with export subsidies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 182, The World Bank.
- Freund, Caroline & Pierola, Martha Denisse, 2008. "Export surges : the oower of a competitive currency," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4750, The World Bank.
- Nogues, Julio, 1989. "The choice between unilateral and multilateral trade liberalization strategies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 239, The World Bank.
- Erzan, Refik, 1989. "Would general trade liberalization in developing countries expand South-South trade?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 319, The World Bank.
- Balassa, Bela, 1990. "Indicative planning in developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 439, The World Bank.
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