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How does India's rural roads program affect the grassroots ? findings from a survey in Orissa

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  • Bell, Clive
  • van Dillen, Susanne

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effects of all-weather rural roads on households'net output prices, education and health in a poor, drought-prone region of India. Of 30 villages originally surveyed in 2001-02, when two had such roads, a further nine received them between January 2007 and December 2009 under the program Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana. Cross-section comparisons involving all villages and'before and after'comparisons in the nine yielded these findings: (i) net output prices were 5 per cent or more higher; (ii) substantially fewer days of schooling were lost due to bad weather, largely because teachers had fewer absences; (iii) the acutely sick received more timely treatment and were more likely to be treated in a hospital than in the nearest primary health clinic; and (iv) the respondents ranked the resulting benefits in the domains of health and education at least as highly as the'commercial'ones.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6167.

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Date of creation: 01 Aug 2012
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6167

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Keywords: Transport Economics Policy&Planning; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Social Accountability; Housing&Human Habitats; Disease Control&Prevention;

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  1. Binswanger, Hans P. & Khandker, Shahidur R. & Rosenzweig, Mark R., 1993. "How infrastructure and financial institutions affect agricultural output and investment in India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 337-366, August.
  2. Shenggen Fan & Peter Hazell & Sukhadeo Thorat, 2000. "Government Spending, Growth and Poverty in Rural India," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 82(4), pages 1038-1051.
  3. Khandker, Shahidur R. & Bakht, Zaid & Koolwal, Gayatri B., 2006. "The poverty impact of rural roads : evidencefrom Bangladesh," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3875, The World Bank.
  4. Jacoby, Hanan G. & Minten, Bart, 2008. "On measuring the benefits of lower transport costs," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4484, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Simon D. Ellis & Aurelio Menendez, 2014. "Rural Roads: The Challenge of Decentralized Implementation," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1413, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.

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