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Employability and skill set of newly graduated engineers in India

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Author Info

  • Blom, Andreas
  • Saeki, Hiroshi

Abstract

Skill shortage remains one of the major constraints to continued growth of the Indian economy. This employer survey seeks to address this knowledge-gap by answering three questions: (i) Which skills do employers consider important when hiring new engineering graduates? (ii) How satisfied are employers with the skills of engineering graduates? and (iii) In which important skills are the engineers falling short? The results confirm a widespread dissatisfaction with the current graduates -- 64 percent of employers hiring fresh engineering graduates are only somewhat satisfied with the quality of the new hires or worse. After classifying all skills by factor analysis, the authors find that employers perceive Soft Skills (Core Employability Skills and Communication Skills) to be very important. Skill gaps are particularly severe in the higher-order thinking skills ranked according to Bloom's taxonomy. In contrast, communication in English has the smallest skill gap, but remains one of the most demanded skills by the employers. Although employers across India asks for the same set of soft skills, their skill demands differ for Professional Skills across economic sectors, company sizes, and regions. These findings suggest that engineering education institutions should: (i) seek to improve the skill set of graduates; (ii) recognize the importance of Soft Skills, (iii) refocus the assessments, teaching-learning process, and curricula away from lower-order thinking skills, such as remembering and understanding, toward higher-order skills, such as analyzing and solving engineering problems, as well as creativity; and (iv) interact more with employers to understand the particular demand for skills in that region and sector.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 5640.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2011
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:5640

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Related research

Keywords: Teaching and Learning; ICT Policy and Strategies; Primary Education; Educational Sciences; Knowledge for Development;

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  1. repec:dgr:umaror:2008001 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Azam, Mehtabul & Chin, Aimee & Prakash, Nishith, 2010. "The Returns to English-Language Skills in India," IZA Discussion Papers 4802, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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Cited by:
  1. Pushkar Maitra & Subha Mani, 2013. "Learning and Earning: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in India," Fordham Economics Discussion Paper Series dp2013-02, Fordham University, Department of Economics.
  2. Majumder, Rajarshi, 2013. "Unemployment among educated youth: implications for India’s demographic dividend," MPRA Paper 46881, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Independent Evaluation Group, 2012. "Youth Employment Programs : An Evaluation of World Bank and International Finance Corporation Support," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 12225, January.
  4. Majumder, Rajarshi, 2013. "India’s demographic dividend: opportunities and threats," MPRA Paper 46880, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Aedo, Cristian & Hentschel, Jesko & Luque, Javier & Moreno, Martin, 2013. "From occupations to embedded skills : a cross-country comparison," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6560, The World Bank.
  6. Gill, Indermit & Koettl, Johannes & Packard, Truman, 2013. "Full Employment: A Distant Dream for Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 7663, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Rita Almeida & Jere Behrman & David Robalino, 2012. "The Right Skills for the Job? Rethinking Training Policies for Workers," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13075, January.

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