International capital mobility and the costs of U.S. import restraints
AbstractIn a series of recent papers, Neary and others have established the importance of trade in factor services, especially capital, in determining the welfare effects of import restrictions by tariffs, QRs, and VERs. In the absence of induced terms-of-trade changes and rental rate effects, Neary demonstrates that international capital mobility raises the costs of tariff protection and lowers that of QRs and VERs. This paper examines the impact of international capital mobility on the welfare effects of import protection by tariff, QRs, and VERs. Generalizing the work of Neary and others to take explicit account of induced terms-of-trade and rental rate effects, this paper demonstrates that the qualitative influence of capital mobility on the costs of protection cannot be ascertained unambiguously. The aggregate welfare effects of import restraints for the U.S. are simulated under different assumptions about international capital mobility, and the influence of the size of the U.S. in world markets. The paper sets up an analytical model that indicates the general links between international capital mobility and the welfare effects of different forms of import restraint. It reports onthe estimated welfare impact of international capital mobility on the welfare effects of U.S. import protection.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 516.
Date of creation: 31 Oct 1990
Date of revision:
Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies; TF054105-DONOR FUNDED OPERATION ADMINISTRATION FEE INCOME AND EXPENSE ACCOUNT; Banks&Banking Reform; Trade Policy;
Other versions of this item:
- de Melo, Jaime & Roland-Holst, David, 1993. "International Capital Mobility and the Costs of U.S. Import Restraints," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(3), pages 263-71, October.
- TF0 - - - - - -
- FUN - International Economics - - - - -
- OPE - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - - - -
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Neary, J Peter, 1985. "International Factor Mobility, Minimum Wage Rates, and Factor-Price Equalization: A Synthesis," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 100(3), pages 551-70, August.
- Brecher, Richard A. & Diaz Alejandro, Carlos F., 1977. "Tariffs, foreign capital and immiserizing growth," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 317-322, November.
- Jones, Ronald W., 1984. "Protection and the harmful effects of endogenous capital flows," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 15(3-4), pages 325-330.
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