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The long-run impact of orphanhood

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  • Beegle, Kathleen
  • De Weerdt, Joachim
  • Dercon, Stefan

Abstract

This paper presents unique evidence that orphanhood matters in the long run for health and education outcomes, in a region of Northwestern Tanzania. The paper studies a sample of 718 non-orphaned children surveyed in 1991-94, who were traced and re-interviewed as adults in 2004. A large proportion, 19 percent, lost one or more parents before the age of 15 in this period, allowing the authors to assess the permanent health and education impacts of orphanhood. The analysis controls for a wide range of child and adult characteristics before orphanhood, as well as community fixed effects. The findings show that maternal orphanhood has a permanent adverse impact of 2 cm of final height attainment and one year of educational attainment. Expressing welfare in terms of consumption expenditure, the result is a gap of 8.5 percent compared with similar children whose mother survived till at least their 15th birthday.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4353.

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Date of creation: 01 Sep 2007
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4353

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Related research

Keywords: Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Street Children; Youth and Governance; Primary Education; Population Policies;

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Cited by:
  1. Bell, Clive & Gersbach, Hans, 2009. "The macroeconomics of targeting: the case of an enduring epidemic," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 54-72, January.
  2. Beegle, Kathleen & Filmer, Deon & Stokes, Andrew & Tiererova, Lucia, 2009. "Orphanhood and the living arrangements of children in sub-saharan Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4889, The World Bank.
  3. Daniel Suryadarma & Yus Medina Pakpahan & Asep Suryahadi, 2009. "The Effects of Parental Death and Chronic Poverty on Children’s Education and Health : Evidence from Indonesia," Development Economics Working Papers 23043, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.

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