Agricultural development : issues, evidence, and consequences
AbstractA comprehensive examination of data from many countries shows that in 1967-92, eighty-one percent of the world's population lived in countries where agricultural growth exceeded population growth. Moreover, that growth occurred as agricultural prices declined. Productivity gains are a dominant characteristic of agriculture for the period. Average productivity increased for land and labor. Moreover, agricultural productivity gains were greater than average productivity gains for the economy in 80 percent of the countries studied. Measuring the effects of technology choice on productivity is crucial to understanding the determinants of agricultural growth. After selectively reviewing applied production studies, the authors conclude that the choice-of-technique method, which has its roots in Tinter's early production function studies, is best suited for examining the determinants of agricultural growth. Investments in technology have yielded large gains for agriculture, and the benefits have been passed on to customers in the form of lower prices. Thus history justifies public spending on agricultural research.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1811.
Date of creation: 31 Aug 1997
Date of revision:
Labor Policies; Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Theory&Research; Agricultural Knowledge&Information Systems; Banks&Banking Reform; Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Theory&Research; Agricultural Knowledge&Information Systems; Economic Growth; Banks&Banking Reform;
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