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International comparisons of rural-urban educational attainment: Data and determinants

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  • Ulubasoglu, Mehmet A.
  • Cardak, Buly A.

Abstract

We study the rural-urban divide in educational attainment in a cross-country setting. In order to do this, we present a newly constructed cross-country data set measuring average educational attainment in rural and urban regions of 56 countries. This data set is used to study the sources of variation in (i) rural educational attainment, (ii) urban educational attainment, and (iii) the national disparities between rural and urban educational attainment. The empirical exercise is guided by human capital, labour market and migration theories and employs economic, demographic, political, cultural, geographic, and infrastructural explanatory variables. By employing general-to-specific and specific-to-general modelling approaches, we conclude that labour markets, the role of agriculture and credit constraint factors are all important in explaining cross-country variation in rural and urban educational attainment. We also find evidence that the level of development moderates the impact of factors affecting regional educational attainment, in particular credit constraint factors. We subject our results to a number of tests and find them to be robust.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal European Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 51 (2007)
Issue (Month): 7 (October)
Pages: 1828-1857

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Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:51:y:2007:i:7:p:1828-1857

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Cited by:
  1. Coupe, Tom & Olefir, Anna & Alonso, Juan Diego, 2011. "Is optimization an opportunity ? an assessment of the impact of class size and school size on the performance of Ukrainian secondary schools," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5879, The World Bank.
  2. Vasilaky, Kathryn, 2011. "The effects of school quality on fertility in a transition economy," MPRA Paper 38965, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Mehmet A. ULUBASOGLU & Buly CARDAK, 2005. "International Comparisons Of Rural-Urban Educational Attainment: Data And Determinants," Economics Series 2005_01, Deakin University, Faculty of Business and Law, School of Accounting, Economics and Finance.
  4. Graham, Bryan S & Temple, Jonathan, 2001. "Rich Nations, Poor Nations: How Much can Multiple Equilibria Explain?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3046, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Areendam Chanda & Carl-Johan Dalgaard, 2008. "Dual Economies and International Total Factor Productivity Differences: Channelling the Impact from Institutions, Trade, and Geography," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 75(300), pages 629-661, November.

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