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Barriers in spatial interactions and communications : a conceptual exploration


Author Info

  • Nijkamp, P.

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie (Free University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics Sciences, Business Administration and Economitrics)

  • Rietveld, P.
  • Salomon, I.


Barriers are defined as discontinuties in the broadly defined marginal costs of communications, usually leading to a discontinuity in interaction. This paper addresses conceptual issues about barriers to communication. Several typologies of barriers are given. For example, according to the degree of permeability, barriers may discourage interaction, or may even be entirely impermeable, but examples may also be given of barriers which stimulate communication in one or both directions. Another typology of barriers addresses reasons of existence, including natural barriers, barriers created for protection purposes, barriers created for reasons of convenience, etc. The paper concludes with a number of suggestions for further research on communication barriers.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Paper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0064.

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Date of creation: 1990
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Handle: RePEc:vua:wpaper:1990-64

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Cited by:
  1. Bruinsma, F. & Rietveld, P., 1993. "Urban agglomerations in European infrastructure networks," Serie Research Memoranda 0008, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  2. Geenhuizen, M. van & Nijkamp, P., 1995. "Technology transfer: how to remove obstacles in advancing employment growth," Serie Research Memoranda 0028, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  3. Yogi Vidyattama, 2012. "Spatial Dichotomies in Indonesia's Regional Development," NATSEM Working Paper Series 12/19, University of Canberra, National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling.
  4. Geenhuizen, Marina van & Nijkamp, Peter, 1995. "Transborder investment : corporate strategies and regional development in Eastern Europe," Serie Research Memoranda 0019, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  5. Westlund, Hans, 1999. "An interaction-cost approach on cross-border cooperation. The case of Mid-Scandinavia," ERSA conference papers ersa99pa391, European Regional Science Association.
  6. Bruinsma, F. & Rietveld, P., 1993. "Infrastructure and metropolitan development : a European comparison," Serie Research Memoranda 0009, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  7. REITEL Bernard, 2011. "La frontière internationale, objet sémique, processus multidimensionnel, interface signifiante," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2011-43, CEPS/INSTEAD.
  8. Petrakos, George & Dimitris, Kallioras & Ageliki, Anagnostou, 2007. "A Generalized Model of Regional Economic Growth in the European Union," Papers DYNREG12, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).


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