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Employment and Training Policy in the United States during the Economic Crisis

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  • Christopher J. O'Leary

    ()
    (W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research)

  • Randall W. Eberts

    ()
    (W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research)

Abstract

This paper examines labor market conditions and public employment policies in the United States during what some are calling the Great Recession. We document the dramatic labor market changes that rapidly unfolded when the rate of gross domestic product growth turned negative, from the end of 2007 through early 2009. The paper reviews the resulting stress on labor market support programs and the broad federal response. That response came through modifications to existing programs and the introduction of new mechanisms to help Americans cope with job loss and protracted unemployment. The particular focus is on federally supported public programs for occupational job skills training and temporary income replacement. We also discuss procedures for evaluating the effectiveness of public reemployment efforts, and adjustments to these programs that were adopted during the crisis.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research in its series Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles with number 10-161.

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Date of creation: Nov 2009
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Handle: RePEc:upj:weupjo:10-161

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Related research

Keywords: job training; unemployment; unemployment insurance; employment policy; federal stimulus; American Recovery and Reinvestment Act; evaluation; performance measurement; net impacts; cream skimming; adjustment methodology;

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  1. Christopher J. O'Leary & Robert A. Straits, 2000. "Intergovernmental Relations and Employment Policy: The United States Experience," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 00-60, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
  2. Kevin Hollenbeck, 2008. "Sensitivity Testing of Net Impact Estimates of Workforce Development Programs Using Administrative Data," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 08-139, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
  3. repec:upj:uchaps:rwecjooecd2004 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. John L. Palmer, 1987. "The Next Decade: The Economic, Political, And Social Context Of Employment And Training Policies," Review of Policy Research, Policy Studies Organization, vol. 6(4), pages 685-694, 05.
  5. Timothy J. Bartik & Randall W. Eberts & Wei-Jang Huang, 2009. "Methodology for Adjusting GPRA Workforce Development Program Performance Targets for the Effects of Business Cycles," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 09-154, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
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