The Relationship Between Economic Growth and Inequality: Evidence from the Age of Market Liberalism
AbstractUsing a panel data set of selected countries, this paper shows that the inequality-growth relationship follows an ordinary-U curve during the period 1970-98, in which inequality first decreases and then increases with economic growth. In addition, there is some evidence that the increasing pattern may reverse at higher levels of income. A time-series approach shows that a substantial group of countries capture a minimum turning point in different years along the period and others follow a permanent positive trend. It also indicates that only a few countries reverse inequality in a latter stage and display a maximum turning point after the mid 1990s; these countries are associated with macroeconomic stability, high governance and moderate expansion of trade and FDI. Hence, the inequality-growth relationship during the era of market openness has tended to change towards a positive one, although it might reverse at a later stage.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, University of Kent in its series Studies in Economics with number 0601.
Date of creation: Jan 2006
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models &bull Diffusion Processes
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
- O57 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-04-01 (All new papers)
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