El efecto de las empresas extranjeras y la competencia en la eficiencia del sector manufacturero uruguayo 1988-1994
AbstractIn this study we estimated Stochastic Frontier Production Functions for different sub-samples of panel data of Uruguayan manufacturing firms, to evaluate the spillover effect of the presence of foreign affiliates and international competition on technical efficiency in locally-owned firms. The results suggest that the presence of FDI has a positive effect on the level of technical efficiency in local firms. Furthermore, we found that average technical efficiency in locally-owned firms in industries where foreign affiliates are present is higher than those of firms in industries with no foreign presence. We also found that significant spillover effects on technical efficiency arise when technology gap between local and foreign firms is moderate, and when the foreign affiliate’s sales are mainly oriented to the local market. Moreover, our results suggest that when foreign firms are present in an industry their positive impact on the technical efficiency of local firms seems to be greater than the impact of competition from imported goods.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 1910.
Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2010
Date of revision:
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Foreign direct investment; Spillovers; Technical efficiency; Productivity; Stochastic Frontier Production Functions;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
- D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
- L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
- O13 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-02-19 (All new papers)
- NEP-CIS-2011-02-19 (Confederation of Independent States)
- NEP-EFF-2011-02-19 (Efficiency & Productivity)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Blomström, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 1996.
"Multinational Corporations and Spillovers,"
CEPR Discussion Papers
1365, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Aigner, Dennis & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Peter, 1977. "Formulation and estimation of stochastic frontier production function models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 21-37, July.
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