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El efecto de las empresas extranjeras y la competencia en la eficiencia del sector manufacturero uruguayo 1988-1994

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  • Ruben Tansini

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Rosario Domingo

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

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    Abstract

    In this study we estimated Stochastic Frontier Production Functions for different sub-samples of panel data of Uruguayan manufacturing firms, to evaluate the spillover effect of the presence of foreign affiliates and international competition on technical efficiency in locally-owned firms. The results suggest that the presence of FDI has a positive effect on the level of technical efficiency in local firms. Furthermore, we found that average technical efficiency in locally-owned firms in industries where foreign affiliates are present is higher than those of firms in industries with no foreign presence. We also found that significant spillover effects on technical efficiency arise when technology gap between local and foreign firms is moderate, and when the foreign affiliate’s sales are mainly oriented to the local market. Moreover, our results suggest that when foreign firms are present in an industry their positive impact on the technical efficiency of local firms seems to be greater than the impact of competition from imported goods.

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    File URL: http://www.fcs.edu.uy/archivos/1910_english.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 1910.

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    Length: 35 pages
    Date of creation: Nov 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:1910

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    Related research

    Keywords: Foreign direct investment; Spillovers; Technical efficiency; Productivity; Stochastic Frontier Production Functions;

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    1. Blomstrom, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 1998. " Multinational Corporations and Spillovers," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(3), pages 247-77, July.
    2. Aigner, Dennis & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Peter, 1977. "Formulation and estimation of stochastic frontier production function models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 21-37, July.
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