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Competitiveness, Scale and R&D

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  • Jan Fagerberg

    (Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between competitiveness, scale and R&D with the held of OECD databases and the ongoing work in the OECD on embodied technology flows. The analysis is based on data for ten OECD counteies and 22 industries in 1985. The results suggest that both direct R&D and R&D acquired indirectly through purchase of capital goods and intermediates have a significant, positive impact on competitiveness. Indirrect R&D from domestic sources appears to be more conducive to competitiveness than indirect R&D from aboard. On average the total (direct and indirect) impact of a given investment in R&D on exports is about twice as large as the impact of an investment of similar size in physical capital. The impact of R&D investment appears to be especially high in large countries and R&D intensive industries.

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File URL: http://www.tik.uio.no/InnoWP/archive/wpno545-1996.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo in its series Working Papers Archives with number 1996545.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Mar 1996
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tik:wparch:1996545

Note: Originally published as NUPI working paper no.545, March 1996
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Cited by:
  1. Wendy Carlin & Andrew Glyn & John Van Reenen, 1999. "Export Market Performance of OECD countries: an empirical examination of the role of cost competitiveness," IFS Working Papers W99/22, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  2. Márquez-Ramos, Laura & Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada, 2009. "The effect of technological innovation on international trade: a nonlinear approach," Economics Discussion Papers 2009-24, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  3. Seref Saygili & Cengiz Cihan & Cihan Yalcin & Turknur Hamsici, 2010. "Turkiye Imalat Sanayiin Ithalat Yapisi," Working Papers 1002, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  4. Silva, Dayratna, 2000. "An Empirical Assessment of the ‘International Competitiveness’ of the Australian Processed Food Industry," 2000 Conference (44th), January 23-25, 2000, Sydney, Australia 123731, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  5. Gustavsson, Patrik, 2002. "The Dynamics of European Industrial Structure," Working Paper Series 176, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
  6. Peter Maskell, 1996. "Localised Low-tech Learning in the Furniture Industry," DRUID Working Papers 96-11, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
  7. Jan Fagerberg & Martin Srholec, 2004. "Structural Changes in International Trade. Cause, Impact and Response," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 55(6), pages 1071-1097.
  8. Martin Srholec, 2007. "High-Tech Exports from Developing Countries: A Symptom of Technology Spurts or Statistical Illusion?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 143(2), pages 227-255, July.
  9. Peter Maskell, 1996. "Learning in the Village Economy of Denmark. The role of Institutions and Policy in Sustaining Competitiveness," DRUID Working Papers 96-6, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
  10. Simona Iammarino & Grazia D. Santangelo, 2001. "The Evolution of Trade and Technological in the Italian regions," ERSA conference papers ersa01p243, European Regional Science Association.

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