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Les industries de haute technologie de la zone euro et des Etats-Unis : une étude comparée de la compétitivité et des parts de marché

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  • Sarah Guillou

    (OFCE)

Abstract

L’évolution des productions des industries de haute technologie montre un écart croissant, à partir de la seconde moitié des années 1990, entre la zone euro et les États-Unis, en faveur de ces derniers. En revanche, le niveau des exportations est quasiment identique actuellement. Le dynamisme des exportations de la zone euro est conforté par l’augmentation des parts de marché ; aux États-Unis, celles-ci déclinent, mais restent en niveau supérieures. Ceci est cohérent avec deux autres faits stylisés issus de la comparaison de la compétitivité-coût. D’une part, le niveau moyen du coût du travail unitaire relatif est plus élevé dans la zone euro qu’aux États-Unis ; d’autre part, ce coût dans la zone euro augmente moins ou diminue plus, en moyenne sur la période 1988-2002. La zone euro améliore donc sa compétitivité-coût par rapport aux États-Unis. La dernière section de l’article permet de vérifier que cette amélioration explique en partie la dynamique des parts de marché.

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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/7305.

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Date of creation: Jul 2006
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Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE, 2006, pp.37-76
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/7305

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  1. Fagerberg, Jan, 1988. "International Competitiveness," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(391), pages 355-74, June.
  2. Carlin, Wendy & Glyn, Andrew & Van Reenen, John, 2001. "Export Market Performance of OECD Countries: An Empirical Examination of the Role of Cost Competitiveness," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(468), pages 128-62, January.
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