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Technological competition and trade performance

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Author Info

  • M. Landesmann
  • M. Pfaffermayr

Abstract

This paper estimates a demand system for OECD exports differentiated by country of origin for two ISIC industries (non-electrical machinery, electrical machinery) and for total manufacturing exports. It develops a generalized form of the AIDS demand system in which research and development (R&D) effort enters in a number of ways to affect a particular supplier's competitiveness: R&D activity relative to competitors affects, on the one hand, relative cost competitiveness and, on the other hand, the producer's position in the quality spectrum of products offered on international markets. One of the interesting insights gained from the study is that 'effectiveness' of R&D effort can differ much across different economies. It is conjectured that a country's position in an international catching-up process may be partly responsible for such differences as well as labour market dynamics which link increased labour costs to cost- and quality-improvements.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 29 (1997)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 179-196

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Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:29:y:1997:i:2:p:179-196

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Cited by:
  1. Madden, Gary G & Savage, Scott J & Thong, Su Yin, 1999. "Technology, investment and trade: empirical evidence for five Asia-Pacific countries," MPRA Paper 10585, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Yvonne Wolfmayr, 2008. "Producer Services and Competitiveness of Manufacturing Exports," FIW Research Reports series I-009, FIW.
  3. Sarah Guillou, 2006. "Competitiveness and export market shares in high tech industries in the US and the EMU countries: a comparative study," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2006-18, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  4. Alexander F. Wagner & Mathias Dufour & Friedrich Schneider, 2003. "Satisfaction not Guaranteed - Institutions and Satisfaction with Democracy in Western Europe," CESifo Working Paper Series 910, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Friedrich Schneider & Alexander F. Wagner, 2003. "Tradeable permits - Ten key design issues," Economics working papers 2003-04, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  6. Friedrich Schneider & Kausik Chaudhuri & Sumana Chatterjee, 2003. "The Size and Development of the Indian Shadow Economy and a Comparison with other 18 Asian Countries: An Empirical Investigation," Economics working papers 2003-02, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  7. Sarah Guillou, 2006. "Les industries de haute technologie de la zone euro et des États-Unis. Une étude comparée de la compétitivité et des parts de marché," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 98(3), pages 37-76.
  8. Sara Bercenilla Visús & Mª Dolores Montávez Garcés, 2000. "La Competitividad Externa De Las Manufacturas Españolas: Un Análisis Dinámico Para El Período 1973-1993," Documentos de Trabajo - Lan Gaiak Departamento de Economía - Universidad Pública de Navarra 0008, Departamento de Economía - Universidad Pública de Navarra.

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