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The Dynamics of Wealth and Income distribution in a Neoclassical Growth Model

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  • Stephen Turnovsky

    ()
    (Economics University of Washington)

  • Cecilia Garcia Penalosa

    (GREQAM and CNRS)

Abstract

We examine the evolution of the distributions of wealth and income in a Ramsey model in which agents differ in their initial capital endowment and where the labor supply is endogenous. The assumption that the utility function is homogeneous in consumption and leisure implies that the macroeconomic equilibrium is independent of the distribution of wealth and allows us to fully characterize income and wealth dynamics. We find non-degenerate long-run distributions of wealth and income. The model shows that (i) the initial level of aggregate capital is an essential determinant of whether inequality increases or decreases during the transition to the steady state; (ii) temporary shocks to the stock of capital have long-run effects on the distribution of wealth even if they do not affect the stationary aggregate variables; (iii) income inequality need not move together with wealth inequality if factor shares change during the transition.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 2006 with number 318.

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Date of creation: 04 Jul 2006
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Handle: RePEc:sce:scecfa:318

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Keywords: Wealth distribution; Income distribution; Growth;

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  1. Caselli, F. & Ventura, J., 1996. "A Representative Consumer Theory of Distribution," Working papers 96-11, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
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  12. Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Stephen Turnovsky, 2005. "Growth and Income Inequality: A Canonical Model," Working Papers UWEC-2006-04-P, University of Washington, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2005.
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Cited by:
  1. Klump, Rainer & Saam, Marianne, 2008. "Calibration of normalised CES production functions in dynamic models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 99(2), pages 256-259, May.
  2. Nakamoto, Yasuhiro, 2009. "Convergence speed and preference externalities in a one-sector model with elastic labor supply," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 105(1), pages 86-89, October.

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