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De la société des entrepreneurs à la société entrepreneuriale. Essai sur l’analyse de la fonction de l’entrepreneur dans la dynamique économique FROM THE SOCIETY OF ENTREPRENEURS TO THE ENTREPRENEURIAL SOCIETY. ESSAY ANALYZING THE ENTREPRENEURIAL FUNCTION IN THE ECONOMIC DYNAMICS OF TODAY

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Author Info

  • Sophie BOUTILLIER

    ()
    (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)

  • Dimitri UZUNIDIS

    ()
    (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)

Abstract

Le capitalisme se transforme en permanence. Depuis le début des années 1980, la société entrepreneuriale a émergé. L’emploi salarié reste dans les économies développées la forme principale d’emploi, mais l’emploi devient plus précaire (travail intérimaire, contrat de travail à durée déterminée, augmentation du chômage, etc.). D’un autre côté, la création d’entreprise est conçue dans le cadre de politiques économiques comme un moyen de créer des emplois, d’innover ou de créer une activité économique dans des régions en déclin. L’objet de ce document est de présenter les caractéristiques de la société entrepreneuriale à partir de la situation de l’économie française, mais aussi de l’agglomération dunkerquoise toute à fait caractéristique sur le sujet en raison de lourd passé industriel. Capitalism changes continuously. Since the beginning of the 1980s the entrepreneurial society has emerged. In developed countries salaried employment is still the main form of employment, but it has become more precarious, due to factors such as an increase in unemployment, temporary employment, fixed-term contracts, etc. On the other hand new business start-ups are now understood by politicians as constituting a tool for job creation, innovation, and the redevelopment of areas in crisis. The aim of this paper is to describe some of the characteristics of this new entrepreneurial society, taking examples from the French economy in general, but also from the Dunkirk area, which forms a good example because of its industrial past and the changes which are taking place.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 247.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Janvier 2012
Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:247

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Postal: Maison de la recherche en sciences de l'homme, 21 quai de la Citadelle, 59140 Dunkerque
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Keywords: innovation; entrepreneur; société des entrepreneurs; société entrepreneuriale;

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  1. Audretsch, David B., 2007. "The Entrepreneurial Society," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195183504, September.
  2. David Audretsch, 2006. "L'émergence de l'économie entrepreneuriale," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 43-70.
  3. Martin Koning & François Facchini, 2008. "Quelle place pour l'entrepreneur dans les théories de la croissance régionale ?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00319161, HAL.
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