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La création de petites entreprises dans l’agglomération dunkerquois (Nord de France) : le cheminement difficile de la société salariale à la société entrepreneuriale BUSINESS CREATION IN DUNKIRK (NORTH OF FRANCE): THE LONG WAY FROM THE SALARIED SOCIETY TO THE ENTREPRENEURIAL SOCIETY

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  • Sophie BOUTILLIER

    ()
    (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)

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    Abstract

    L’objectif de cette étude est de présenter les grandes phases du développement de l’entrepreneuriat à Dunkerque depuis le 19e siècle. Depuis cette période, l’économie dunkerquoise s’est développée sur la grande industrie et l’emploi salarié. Au cours du temps, l’industrie s’est transformée mais elle est restée dominante et l’emploi salarié également. La crise économique des années 1970 a remis en cause cette évolution. Des mesures de politique publique ont été prises pour promouvoir la création d’entreprise. Cependant, le nombre de créations d’entreprises reste faible. On ne devient pas patron par décret ! Nos conclusions s’appuient principalement sur une enquête réalisée en 2011 sur 80 nouveaux entrepreneurs. The aim of this article is to present the large phases of the development of entrepreneurship in Dunkirk since the 19th century. Since this period, the development of the economy of Dunkirk has been based on big industrial enterprises and on salaried employment. The industrial activity changed all along the period, but big industry remained strong as well as salaried employment too. The economic crisis of 1970s stopped this evolution. Public policies are now oriented toward the promotion of new businesses. Nevertheless, the number of creation of new enterprises remains low. People cannot become entrepreneur by law! Our conclusions are based on a case study achieved in 2011 on the new entrepreneurs in the city of Dunkrik (North of France).

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 265.

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    Length: 26 pages
    Date of creation: Feb 2013
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    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Février 2013
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:265

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    Postal: Maison de la recherche en sciences de l'homme, 21 quai de la Citadelle, 59140 Dunkerque
    Phone: (33) 3 28 23 71 35
    Fax: (33) 3 28 23 71 43 or (33) 3 28 23 71 10
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    Web page: http://riifr.univ-littoral.fr/
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    Keywords: entrepreneuriat; industrialisation; politique publique d'innovation;

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    1. Audretsch, David B., 2007. "The Entrepreneurial Society," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195183504.
    2. Jean Bonnet & Marcus Dejardin & Antonia Madrid-Guijarro, 2012. "Toward the Entrepreneurial Society," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201231, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    3. David Audretsch, 2006. "L'émergence de l'économie entrepreneuriale," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 43-70.
    4. Blandine Laperche & Maria Lorek & Dimitri Uzunidis, 2011. "Crise et reconversion des milieux industrialo-portuaires : dépendance de sentier ou renouveau économique ? Les exemples de Dunkerque (France) et de Gdansk (Pologne)," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(2), pages 341-368.
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