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La Fonction De L’Entrepreneur Aujourd’Hui La « Societe Entrepreneuriale » Controversee The Function Of The Entrepreneur Today. The Questionable “Entrepreneurial Society”

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  • Sophie BOUTILLIER

    ()
    (labrii, ULCO)

  • DimitriUZUNIDIS

    ()
    (Labrii, ULCO)

Abstract

La crise économique des années 1970 remet en cause l’intervention de l’Etat, en raison de l’intensification de la concurrence internationale, de l’apparition des nouvelles technologies de l’information et de la communication et de la globalisation des marchés financiers. Depuis les années 1980, les Etats facilitent la création d’entreprise comme mode d’insertion sur le marché de travail. L’objectif est de créer un cadre propice au développement des affaires, c’est-à-dire de redéfinir le rôle de l’Etat en privilégiant l’offre. Ce texte analyse la politique de création d’entreprise au regard de l’indicateurdu climat des affaires de la Banque mondiale pour apporter une critique forte aux thèses justifiant la "société entrepreneuriale". The economic crisis of the 1970s challenged State intervention, due to increased international competition, the emergence of new information technologies and communication and to the globalization of financial markets. Since the 1980s, states have facilitated business creation as a means of integration into the labor market. The aim is to create an environment conducive to business development, which means to redefine the role of the state towards supply side policies. This paper analyzes the policies related to entrepreneurship under the indicatorBusiness Climate of the World Bank and discusses the pertinence of the "entrepreneurial society" thesis.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 233.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, December2010
Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:233

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Keywords: entrepreneur - public policy - new firms - economic growth - entrepreneur - politique publique - nouvelles entreprises - croissance économique;

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  1. Martin Koning & François Facchini, 2008. "Quelle place pour l'entrepreneur dans les théories de la croissance régionale ?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00319161, HAL.
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