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La création de très petites entreprises, territoire et relations sociales. enquête dans la région du Nord-pas de calais (France) CREATION OF VERY SMALL ENTERPRISES, TERRITORY AND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS CASE STUDY IN NORD-PAS DE CALAIS (FRANCE)

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Author Info

  • Sophie BOUTILLIER

    ()
    (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)

  • Godefroy KIZABA

    ()
    (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)

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    Abstract

    L’objectif de cet article est de présenter les résultats d’une enquête qui a été réalisée en 2009 auprès de futurs entrepreneurs, en stage à la Chambre des métiers du Nord - Pas de Calais, afin d’identifier leur profil (âge, sexe, études, expérience professionnelle, etc.), leurs ressources (en connaissances, capital et relations sociales ou potentiel de ressources) qu’ils valorisent pour réaliser leur projet et leurs motivations (innovation, chômage, etc.). La dimension territoriale est importante car ces futurs entrepreneurs sont les acteurs d’un territoire qui se caractérise par un faible dynamisme entrepreneurial. Ils créent une entreprise dans le NPC parce qu’ils y vivent, pour y créer leur emploi. The aim of this article is to present the results of a case study undertaken in the Nord-Pas de Calais region in northern France in 2009.We interviewed future entrepreneurs, during their training period at the Chamber of Trade, to identify their profile (age, gender, education, professional activity, their resources (in knowledge, capital and social relations, or their resource potential) and their motivations (innovation or unemployment). The territory played an important role in this study, being characterized by low entrepreneurial dynamics. These future entrepreneurs are creating their own businesses in the Nord-Pas de Calais because they live here and have no other employment.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 244.

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    Length: 25 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2011
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Septembre 2011
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:244

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    Postal: Maison de la recherche en sciences de l'homme, 21 quai de la Citadelle, 59140 Dunkerque
    Phone: (33) 3 28 23 71 35
    Fax: (33) 3 28 23 71 43 or (33) 3 28 23 71 10
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    Web page: http://riifr.univ-littoral.fr/
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    Keywords: entrepreneur; territoire; localisation de l’entreprise;

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    1. Isabelle Terraz & Olivia Ekert-Jaffe, 2005. "L'État et la cellule familiale sont-ils substituables dans la prise en charge des chômeurs en Europe ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 387(1), pages 65-83.
    2. Sophie BOUTILLIER & Blandine LAPERCHE & Dimitri UZUNIDIS, 2011. "Entrepreneurs Et Reconversion Des Territoires L'Exemple De Dunkerque Milieu Industrialo-Portuaire (Nord, France) Entrepreneurs And Territories Reconstruction The Case Of The Industrial And Port Milieu," Working Papers 242, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
    3. Lise Bourdeau-Lepage & Jean-Marie Huriot, 2009. "Proximités et interactions : une reformulation," Géographie, économie, société, Lavoisier, vol. 11(3), pages 233-249.
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    5. Audretsch, David B., 2007. "The Entrepreneurial Society," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195183504, September.
    6. Jean-Marie Cardebat & Anne Musson, 2010. "Que change le développement durable à la localisation des activités ?," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(3), pages 181-201.
    7. Paul Krugman, 1997. "Development, Geography, and Economic Theory," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026261135x, December.
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    9. Nathalie Colombier & David Masclet, 2007. "L'importance de l'environnement familial comme déterminant du travail indépendant," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 405(1), pages 99-118.
    10. François-Charles Wolff & Claudine Attias-Donfut, 2007. "Les comportements de transferts intergénérationnels en Europe," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 403(1), pages 117-141.
    11. Nadine Levratto & Olivier Torrès, 2010. "Le classement européen des villes entrepreneuriales. Méthode, résultats et portée," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(3), pages 13-36.
    12. Blandine Laperche & Dimitri Uzunidis, 2011. "Crise, innovation et renouveau des territoires : dépendance de sentier et trajectoires d'évolution," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(2), pages 159-182.
    13. Israel M. Kirzner, 1997. "Entrepreneurial Discovery and the Competitive Market Process: An Austrian Approach," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(1), pages 60-85, March.
    14. Ronstadt, Robert, 1988. "The Corridor Principle," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 3(1), pages 31-40.
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