Trading Dynamics with Adverse Selection and Search: Market Freeze, Intervention and Recovery
AbstractWe study the trading dynamics in an asset market where the quality of assets is private information of the owner and finding a counterparty takes time. When trading of a financial asset ceases in equilibrium as a response to an adverse shock to asset quality, a large player can resurrect the market by purchasing bad assets which involves financial losses. The equilibrium response to such a policy is intricate as it creates an announcement effect: a mere announcement of intervening at a later point in time can cause markets to function again. This effect leads to a gradual recovery in trading volume, with asset prices converging non-monotonically to their normal values. The optimal policy is to intervene immediately at a minimal scale when markets are deemed important and losses are small. As losses increase and the importance of the market declines, the optimal intervention is delayed and it can be desirable to rely more on the announcement effect by increasing the size of the intervention. Search frictions are important for all these results. They compound adverse selection, making a market more fragile with respect to a classic lemons problem. They dampen the announcement effect and cause the optimal policy to be more aggressive, leading to an earlier intervention at a larger scale.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Queen's University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1267.
Length: 61 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2011
Date of revision:
Trading Dynamics; Adverse Selection; Search; Intervention in Asset Markets; Announcement Effect;
Other versions of this item:
- Jonathan Chiu & Thorsten V. Koeppl, 2011. "Trading Dynamics with Adverse Selection and Search: Market Freeze, Intervention and Recovery," Working Papers 11-30, Bank of Canada.
- G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
- E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-06-04 (All new papers)
- NEP-CTA-2011-06-04 (Contract Theory & Applications)
- NEP-MST-2011-06-04 (Market Microstructure)
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- Shengxing Zhang, 2012. "Liquidity Misallocation in an Over-The-Counter Market," 2012 Meeting Papers 529, Society for Economic Dynamics.
- Briana Chang, 2012. "Adverse Selection and Liquidity Distortion in Decentralized Markets," 2012 Meeting Papers 403, Society for Economic Dynamics.
- Athanasios Geromichalos & Lucas Herrenbrueck, 2012. "Monetary Policy, Asset Prices, and Liquidity in Over-the-Counter Markets," Working Papers 1220, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
- Jose V. Rodriguez Mora & Christian Bauer, 2012. "Equilibrium Intermediation and Resource Allocation With a Frictional Credit Market," 2012 Meeting Papers 843, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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