Effects of social interactions on scientists' productivity
AbstractRecent economic research has focused on the economic effects of the social environment. In the economic literature, important phenomena are considered, at least in part, as results of the individual's social environment. There is a similar revival of interest among economists who analyse the world of science and basic research. In this case as well, the environment plays a key role in the agent's behaviour. This paper makes an an empirical analysis of the influence of social interactions on scientists' productivity. In the econometric analysis we investigate the aggregate importance of this phenomenon through the analysis of data on publications in four scientific fields of seven advanced countries. We find that social interactions among researchers have positive effects on a scientist's productivity and that there is a U-shaped relation between the size of a scientific network and individual productivity. We interpret this result as providing evidence for threshold externalities and increasing returns to scale.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 7880.
Date of creation: Nov 2007
Date of revision:
Keywords: scientists' productivity; increasing returns in science; social interactions;
Other versions of this item:
- Maria Rosaria Carillo & Erasmo Papagni & Fabian Capitanio, 2008. "Effects of social interactions on scientists' productivity," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 29(3), pages 263-279, July.
- Maria Rosaria Carillo & Erasmo Papagni & Fabian Capitanio, 2006. "Effects of social interactions on Scientists’ productivity," Discussion Papers 19_2006, D.E.S. (Department of Economic Studies), University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy.
- O41 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
- H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
- Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-03-25 (All new papers)
- NEP-EFF-2008-03-25 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-NET-2008-03-25 (Network Economics)
- NEP-SOC-2008-03-25 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
- NEP-SOG-2008-03-25 (Sociology of Economics)
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