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Operator Methods, Abelian Processes And Dynamic Conditioning

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  • Albanese, Claudio

Abstract

A mathematical framework for Continuous Time Finance based on operator algebraic methods oers a new direct and entirely constructive perspective on the field. It also leads to new numerical analysis techniques which can take advantage of the emerging massively parallel GPU architectures which are uniquely suited to execute large matrix manipulations. This is partly a review paper as it covers and expands on the mathematical framework underlying a series of more applied articles. In addition, this article also presents a few key new theorems that make the treatment self-contained. Stochastic processes with continuous time and continuous space variables are defined constructively by establishing new convergence estimates for Markov chains on simplicial sequences. We emphasize high precision computability by numerical linear algebra methods as opposed to the ability of arriving to analytically closed form expressions in terms of special functions. Path dependent processes adapted to a given Markov filtration are associated to an operator algebra. If this algebra is commutative, the corresponding process is named Abelian, a concept which provides a far reaching extension of the notion of stochastic integral. We recover the classic Cameron-Dyson-Feynman-Girsanov-Ito-Kac-Martin theorem as a particular case of a broadly general block-diagonalization algorithm. This technique has many applications ranging from the problem of pricing cliquets to target-redemption-notes and volatility derivatives. Non-Abelian processes are also relevant and appear in several important applications to for instance snowballs and soft calls. We show that in these cases one can eectively use block-factorization algorithms. Finally, we discuss the method of dynamic conditioning that allows one to dynamically correlate over possibly even hundreds of processes in a numerically noiseless framework while preserving marginal distributions.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/5246/
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 5246.

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Date of creation: 15 Dec 2006
Date of revision: 06 Nov 2007
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:5246

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Keywords: Operator methods; financial derivatives; path-dependent derivatives; correlation derivatives;

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References

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  1. Albanese, Claudio & Osseiran, Adel, 2007. "Moment Methods for Exotic Volatility Derivatives," MPRA Paper 5330, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Hansen, Lars Peter & Alexandre Scheinkman, Jose & Touzi, Nizar, 1998. "Spectral methods for identifying scalar diffusions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 86(1), pages 1-32, June.
  3. Claudio Albanese & Harry Lo & Aleksandar Mijatovi\'c, 2009. "Spectral methods for volatility derivatives," Papers 0905.2091, arXiv.org.
  4. Lars Peter Hansen & Jose Alexandre Scheinkman, 1993. "Back to the Future: Generating Moment Implications for Continuous-Time Markov Processes," NBER Technical Working Papers 0141, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Yacine Ait-Sahalia, 1995. "Nonparametric Pricing of Interest Rate Derivative Securities," NBER Working Papers 5345, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Albanese, Claudio, 2007. "Callable Swaps, Snowballs And Videogames," MPRA Paper 5229, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Oct 2007.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Albanese, Claudio & Osseiran, Adel, 2007. "Moment Methods for Exotic Volatility Derivatives," MPRA Paper 5330, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Louis Paulot & Xavier Lacroze, 2009. "Efficient Pricing of CPPI using Markov Operators," Papers 0901.1218, arXiv.org.
  3. Albanese, Claudio & Vidler, Alicia, 2008. "Dynamic Conditioning and Credit Correlation Baskets," MPRA Paper 8368, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 21 Apr 2008.
  4. Albanese, Claudio, 2007. "Callable Swaps, Snowballs And Videogames," MPRA Paper 5229, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Oct 2007.
  5. Albanese, Claudio & Vidler, Alicia, 2007. "A STRUCTURAL MODEL FOR CREDIT-EQUITY DERIVATIVES AND BESPOKE CDOs," MPRA Paper 5227, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 09 Sep 2007.

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