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The Role of Financial Development for Economic Growth in Caribbean Islands

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  • Gordon, Leo-Rey

Abstract

Aghion, Howitt and Mayer Foulkes postulate that one mechanism by which financial development enhances economic growth is by increasing a nation’s ability to obtain frontier technology, which then increases the rate at which productive activity expands. This study empirically tests this hypothesis for a sample of 12 small island open economies of the Caribbean between 1980 and 2004. Possible simultaneity in the relationship between financial development and economic growth is accounted for by introducing a new proxy for financial development, for which its determination is uncorrelated with economic growth. The results of the empirical analysis shows that financial development enhances economic growth in the Caribbean by increasing country’s steady state level of income per capita, and not by the mechanism put forward by Aghion, Howitt, and Mayer Foulkes (2006).

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 49566.

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Date of creation: Dec 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49566

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Keywords: Financial Intermediaries; Economic Growth; Caribbean;

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  1. Franklin Allen & Douglas Gale, 1995. "Financial Markets, Intermediaries, and Intertemporal Smoothing," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 95-02, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
  2. Arturo Galindo & Alejandro Micco, 2003. "Do State-Owned Banks Promote Growth?: Cross-Country Evidence for Manufacturing Industries," IDB Publications 6506, Inter-American Development Bank.
  3. Beck, T.H.L. & Levine, R. & Loayza, N., 2000. "Financial intermediation and growth: Causality and causes," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3125519, Tilburg University.
  4. Philippe Aghion & Diego Comin & Peter Howitt, 2006. "When Does Domestic Saving Matter for Economic Growth?," NBER Working Papers 12275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. de la Fuente, Angel & Marin, JoseMaria, 1996. "Innovation, bank monitoring, and endogenous financial development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 269-301, October.
  6. Fiona Atkins & Derick Boyd, 1998. "Convergence and the Caribbean," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 381-396.
  7. Diamond, Douglas W & Dybvig, Philip H, 1983. "Bank Runs, Deposit Insurance, and Liquidity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(3), pages 401-19, June.
  8. King, Robert G & Levine, Ross, 1993. "Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 108(3), pages 717-37, August.
  9. Neven Valev & Felix Rioja, 2002. "Finance and the Sources of Growth at Various Stages of Economic Development," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University paper0217, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
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