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Importância de uma política de saneamento rural no Brasil
[Impact of a rural sanitation policy in Brazil]

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  • Costa, Cinthia Cabral da
  • Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins

Abstract

Brazil has more than 23 million rural people with unimproved sanitation, which corresponds to about 75% of rural population. This study aimed to measure the social, environmental and economic impacts caused by implementation of a technological proposal for sanitation: “septic cesspool biodigester”. It was found that, per year, the implementation of this technology in rural homes with unimproved sanitation could: reduce about 250 deaths and 5.5 million infections caused by diarrheal diseases; reduce pollution of waterways by about 250 thousand tons of BOD and; that every R$1.00 invested in the implementation of alternative technology evaluated could cause a return to the society of R$2.55 in GDP. Moreover, the jobs would increase from 51 thousand.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 40399.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40399

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Keywords: Sustainable Development; diarrhea; rural population;

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