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The effect of instıtutıonal varıables on fdi inflows: Evidence from upper-middle income countries

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Abstract

For two decades, the relationship between institutions and foreign direct investment (FDI) has been receiving a growing attention as a result of increasing economic globalization and international trade promoting democracy all over the world. In this paper, we investigate the impact of institutional variables, social, economic and political, on foreign direct investment inflows into 54 upper-middle income developing countries applying panel data regressions for the period 1995-2011. The findings suggest that the institutional variables have significant effect on FDI inflows but their impact is weaker than macoreconomic variables. Especially, the market size indicators, population growth rate, global competitiveness and international country risk play a major role in attracting FDI.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 37531.

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Date of creation: 06 May 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:37531

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Keywords: Institutional Variables; Foreign Direct Investment; Upper-Middle Income Countries; Panel Data Regression;

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  1. Daniele, Vittorio & Marani, Ugo, 2006. "Do institutions matter for FDI? A comparative analysis for the MENA countries," MPRA Paper 2426, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Borensztein, E. & De Gregorio, J. & Lee, J-W., 1998. "How does foreign direct investment affect economic growth?1," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 115-135, June.
  3. Kayam, Saime Suna, 2009. "Home market determinants of FDI outflows from developing and transition economies," MPRA Paper 16781, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson, 2005. "Unbundling Institutions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(5), pages 949-995, October.
  5. Barro, Robert J, 1996. " Democracy and Growth," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 1-27, March.
  6. Bevan, Alan & Estrin, Saul & Meyer, Klaus, 2004. "Foreign investment location and institutional development in transition economies," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 43-64, February.
  7. Črt Kostevc & Tjaša Redek & Andrej Sušjan, 2007. "Foreign Direct Investment and Institutional Environment in Transition Economies," Transition Studies Review, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 40-54, May.
  8. Hisarciklilar, Mehtap & Kayam, Saime Suna & Kayalica, Ozgur, 2006. "Locational Drivers of FDI in MENA Countries: A Spatial Attempt," MPRA Paper 2085, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Peter J Buckley & L Jeremy Clegg & Adam R Cross & Xin Liu & Hinrich Voss & Ping Zheng, 2007. "The determinants of Chinese outward foreign direct investment," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 38(4), pages 499-518, July.
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