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Characterizing poverty and vulnerability in rural Haiti: a multilevel decomposition approach

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  • Echevin, Damien

Abstract

This paper aims at characterizing poverty and vulnerability in Haiti based on a unique survey conducted in 2007 in rural areas. Using two-level modelling of consumption/income, we assess the impact of both observable and unobservable idiosyncratic and covariate shocks on households’ economic well-being. Empirical findings show that idiosyncratic shocks, in particular health-related shocks, have larger impact on vulnerability to poverty than covariate shocks. These results are in line with the fact that many households reported idiosyncratic health shocks as being the worst shocks they experienced. Also, unobservable idiosyncratic shocks appear to have generally more influence on households’ vulnerability than unobservable covariate shocks. Geographic disparities exist and should be considered for policy and program implementation purposes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 35659.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:35659

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Keywords: Vulnerability; Poverty; Observable and unobservable shocks; Multilevel modelling; Haiti;

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Cited by:
  1. Echevin, Damien, 2011. "Vulnerability and livelihoods before and after the Haiti earthquake," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5850, The World Bank.

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