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Patterns of industrial specialisation in post-Unification Italy

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  • Ciccarelli, Carlo
  • Proietti, Tommaso

Abstract

This paper investigates the patterns of sectoral specialisation in Italian provinces over half a century following the Unification of the country. To this end we propose a multivariate graphical technique named dynamic specialisation biplots. In 1871 specialisation vocations toward the different manufacturing sectors were limited in size and no clear geographical path emerged. A regional specialisation divide resulted clearly in 1911. In 1871 as in 1911 the foodstuffs, the textile, and the engineering sectors represented the three pillars delimiting the arena of the specialisation race. Within that arena, sharp changes in the directions of specialisation trajectories characterise a group of selected Northern provinces, largely attracted by the textile sector from the 1880s and from the engineering sector in the pre-War decade. Within region homogeneity and smooth specialisation trajectories are instead representative of most of the remaining provinces. Among them, Southern provinces exhibit specialisation paths revealing that little more than a composition effect occurred among manufacturing sectors.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 30431.

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Date of creation: 21 Apr 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:30431

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Keywords: manufacturing industry; specilisation; post-Unification Italy;

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References

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  1. Carlo Ciccarelli & Stefano Fenoaltea, 2010. "Through the Magnifying Glass: Provincial Aspects of Industrial Growth in Post-Unification Italy," Quaderni di storia economica (Economic History Working Papers) 4, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  2. Fenoaltea Stefano, 2004. "Textile production in Italy's regions, 1861-1913," Rivista di storia economica, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 2, pages 145-174.
  3. Fenoaltea,Stefano, 2014. "The Reinterpretation of Italian Economic History," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107658080, April.
  4. Carlo Ciccarelli & Stefano Fenoaltea, 2009. "Shipbuilding in Italy, 1861-1913: the burden of the evidence," Historical Social Research (Section 'Cliometrics'), Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC), vol. 34(2), pages 333-373.
  5. Greenacre Michael, 2010. "Biplots in Practice," Books, Fundacion BBVA / BBVA Foundation, number 2011113.
  6. Cohen,Jon & Federico,Giovanni, 2001. "The Growth of the Italian Economy, 1820–1960," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521661508, April.
  7. Fenoaltea, Stefano, 2003. "Peeking Backward: Regional Aspects of Industrial Growth in Post-Unification Italy," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 63(04), pages 1059-1102, December.
  8. Fenoaltea, Stefano, 1988. "International resource flows and construction movements in the atlantic economy: the kuznets cycle in Italy, 1861–1913," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 48(03), pages 605-637, September.
  9. Fenoaltea, Stefano, 2003. "Notes on the Rate of Industrial Growth in Italy, 1861 1913," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 63(03), pages 695-735, September.
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