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IV Estimation of Panels with Factor Residuals

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  • Robertson, Donald
  • Sarafidis, Vasilis
  • Symons, James

Abstract

This paper considers panel data regression models with weakly exogenous or endogenous regressors and residuals generated by a multi-factor error structure. In this case, the standard dynamic panel estimators fail to provide consistent estimates of the parameters. We propose a new estimation approach, based on instrumental variables, which retains the traditional attractive features of method of moments estimators. One novelty of our approach is that we introduce new parameters to represent the unobserved covariances between the instruments and the factor component of the residual; these parameters are typically estimable when N is large. Some important estimation and identification issues are studied in detail. The finite-sample performance of the proposed estimators is investigated using simulated data. The results show that the method produces reliable estimates of the parameters over various parametrizations and is robust to large values of the autoregressive parameter and/or the variance of the factor loadings.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 26166.

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Date of creation: 25 Oct 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:26166

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Keywords: Method of Moments; Dynamic Panel Data; Factor Residuals.;

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References

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  1. Sarafidis, Vasilis & Wansbeek, Tom, 2010. "Cross-sectional Dependence in Panel Data Analysis," MPRA Paper 20367, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. R Blundell & Steven Bond, . "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data model," Economics Papers W14&104., Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
  3. Richard Blundell & Steve Bond, 1999. "GMM estimation with persistent panel data: an application to production functions," IFS Working Papers W99/04, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
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  10. Vasilis Sarafidis & Donald Robertson, 2009. "On the impact of error cross-sectional dependence in short dynamic panel estimation," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 12(1), pages 62-81, 03.
  11. Sarafidis, Vasilis & Yamagata, Takashi, 2010. "Instrumental Variable Estimation of Dynamic Linear Panel Data Models with Defactored Regressors under Cross-sectional Dependence," MPRA Paper 25182, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Sarafidis, Vasilis & Yamagata, Takashi & Robertson, Donald, 2009. "A test of cross section dependence for a linear dynamic panel model with regressors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 148(2), pages 149-161, February.
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  15. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
  16. M. Hashem Pesaran, 2006. "Estimation and Inference in Large Heterogeneous Panels with a Multifactor Error Structure," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(4), pages 967-1012, 07.
  17. Ziliak, James P, 1997. "Efficient Estimation with Panel Data When Instruments Are Predetermined: An Empirical Comparison of Moment-Condition Estimators," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 15(4), pages 419-31, October.
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  19. Presbitero, Andrea F., 2008. "The Debt-Growth Nexus in Poor Countries: A Reassessment," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 2(30), pages 1-28.
  20. Holtz-Eakin, Douglas & Newey, Whitney & Rosen, Harvey S, 1988. "Estimating Vector Autoregressions with Panel Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(6), pages 1371-95, November.
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  22. Céline NAUGES & Alban THOMAS, 2003. "Consistent estimation of dynamic panel data models with time-varying individual effects," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 70, pages 53-75.
  23. Jushan Bai, 2003. "Inferential Theory for Factor Models of Large Dimensions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 135-171, January.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Sarafidis, Vasilis & Yamagata, Takashi, 2010. "Instrumental Variable Estimation of Dynamic Linear Panel Data Models with Defactored Regressors under Cross-sectional Dependence," MPRA Paper 25182, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Vasilis Sarafidis & Tom Wansbeek, 2012. "Cross-Sectional Dependence in Panel Data Analysis," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(5), pages 483-531, September.
  3. Westerlund, Joakim & Norkute, Milda, 2014. "A Factor Analytical Method to Interactive Effects Dynamic Panel Models with or without Unit Root," Working Papers 2014:12, Lund University, Department of Economics.
  4. Robertson, Donald & Sarafidis, Vasilis & Westerlund, Joakim, 2014. "GMM Unit Root Inference in Generally Trending and Cross-Correlated Dynamic Panels," MPRA Paper 53419, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Arturas Juodis, 2013. "Cointegration Testing in Panel VAR Models Under Partial Identification and Spatial Dependence," UvA-Econometrics Working Papers 13-08, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Dept. of Econometrics.
  6. Shingal, ANIRUDH, 2010. "Services growth and convergence: Getting India’s states together," MPRA Paper 32813, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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