Privatization, Soft Budget Constraint, and Social Burdens: A Random-Effects Stochastic Frontier Analysis on Chinese Manufacturing Technical Efficiency
AbstractTraditional panel stochastic frontier studies on privatization of Chinese State-owned firms face a major challenge, namely, the endogeneity problem. The endogeneity problem is present because decision-making process of privatization in China is very likely influenced by some unobserved characteristics of a firm. In particular, better-performing SOEs are more likely to be chosen for privatization because the local governments may have incentives to attract private investors or to retain momentum for future reform. To deal with this challenge, this paper proposes a two-step stochastic frontier model. The first step addresses the endogeneity issue by estimating the probability of privatization with a random effects probit model. The second step estimation investigates the causes of Chinese manufacturing’s inefficiency with a random-effects stochastic frontier model. The estimation results suggest that privatization, hardening budget constraint and reducing firms’ social obligations have significantly contributed to the improvements of firms’ efficiency. However, no evidence is found that more autonomy for managers and lower debt asset ratio may help improve firms’ efficiency.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 24765.
Date of creation: Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Panel data; random effects; technical efficiency; stochastic frontier; privatization; soft-budget constraint; managerial incentives; social burdens;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D2 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations
- O53 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
- C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
- P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-09-11 (All new papers)
- NEP-EFF-2010-09-11 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-TRA-2010-09-11 (Transition Economics)
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