Deviations from Zipf’s Law for American cities: an empirical examination
AbstractThis work presents a simple method for calculating deviations regarding city size and the size which would correspond to it with a Pareto exponent equal to one unit (Zipf’s Law). Recent works show that when considering the entire sample without size restrictions, the estimated Pareto exponent tends to be much lower than one. Our aim is to analyse the distribution element by element, taking data from all American cities in 2000, and explain the deviation of the size predicted by Zipf’s Law and the real size of each city, using variables for each city of per capita income, distribution of employment among sectors, individuals by level of education, etc.; explicative variables which attempt to capture the influence of local externalities. To do this a Multinomial Logit Model is used.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 11504.
Date of creation: 10 Nov 2008
Date of revision:
Cities; Zipf’s Law; deviations; Pareto distribution; Multinomial logit;
Other versions of this item:
- Rafael González-Val, 2011. "Deviations from Zipf's Law for American Cities: An Empirical Examination," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 48(5), pages 1017-1035, April.
- C16 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Econometric and Statistical Methods; Specific Distributions
- R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-11-18 (All new papers)
- NEP-GEO-2008-11-18 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-URE-2008-11-18 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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