Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Crescimento Económico Nas Regiões Europeias: Uma Avaliação Sobre A Persistência Das Disparidades Regionais No Período 1980-95

Contents:

Author Info

  • Sandra Tavares Silva

    ()
    (Faculdade de Economia da Universidade do Porto)

  • Mário Rui Silva

    ()
    (Faculdade de Economia da Universidade do Porto)

Abstract

Procura-se avaliar e contribuir para a explicação da evolução das disparidades regionais na União Europeia ao longo do período de 1980-95. Após constatarmos, por um lado, a elevada amplitude das assimetrias dos níveis regionais de desenvolvimento e, por outro, a inexistência de um processo significativo de convergência absoluta, testamos empiricamente duas explicações alternativas para a não-convergência. A primeira explora a possibilidade de existência de convergência condicionada, à luz de um quadro teórico onde as diferentes regiões europeias estariam a convergir para diferentes níveis de steady-state, sendo que consideramos como variáveis definidoras do nível regional de steady-state variáveis associadas a especificidades nacionais, a diferentes tipos de estrutura económica, à localização regional, a efeitos de aglomeração e à dotação regional em infraestruturas físicas. Os resultados por nós obtidos neste quadro de convergência condicional evidenciam que, mesmo assim, apenas se verificará convergência a um ritmo muito lento, tendo particular relevância factores específicos nacionais não captados pelos outros regressores utilizados. Em alternativa, a análise empírica suportada por um modelo de gap tecnológico permite concluir pela relevância da inovação e da difusão de tecnologia nos percursos regionais de crescimento da União Europeia. Em particular, os resultados sugerem que a difusão tecnológica favorece uma dinâmica de catching-up, na medida em que o seu contributo para o crescimento aumenta para grupos de regiões com menor nível inicial de desenvolvimento, enquanto que o esforço tecnológico próprio tem relevância para o crescimento das regiões ricas e intermédias mas, aparentemente, não explica as diferenças nos ritmos de crescimento das regiões europeias mais pobres.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www.fep.up.pt/investigacao/workingpapers/wp96.PDF
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto in its series FEP Working Papers with number 96.

as in new window
Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:por:fepwps:96

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200 PORTO
Phone: 351-22-5571100
Fax: 351-22-5505050
Email:
Web page: http://www.fep.up.pt/
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. De Long, J Bradford & Summers, Lawrence H, 1991. "Equipment Investment and Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 106(2), pages 445-502, May.
  2. Baumol, William J, 1986. "Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: What the Long-run Data Show," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 76(5), pages 1072-85, December.
  3. Freeman, Chris, 1995. "The 'National System of Innovation' in Historical Perspective," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 5-24, February.
  4. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2232, David K. Levine.
  5. Barro, R.J. & Sala-I-Martin, X., 1991. "Convergence Across States and Regions," Papers, Yale - Economic Growth Center 629, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  6. Pavitt, Keith, 1984. "Sectoral patterns of technical change: Towards a taxonomy and a theory," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 343-373, December.
  7. Easterly, William & Rebelo, Sérgio, 1994. "Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth: An Empirical Investigation," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 885, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Jan Fagerberg & Bart Verspagen & Marjolein Cani�ls, 1997. "Technology, Growth and Unemployment across European Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(5), pages 457-466.
  9. Jan Fagerberg, 1989. "Innovation, Catching-Up and Growth," Working Papers Archives, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo 1989137, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  10. Aghion, P. & Howitt, P., 1990. "A Model Of Growth Through Creative Destruction," DELTA Working Papers, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure) 90-12, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  11. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
  12. David Aschauer, 1988. "Is public expenditure productive?," Staff Memoranda, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago 88-7, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  13. Malerba, Franco & Orsenigo, Luigi, 1995. "Schumpeterian Patterns of Innovation," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 47-65, February.
  14. Richard R. Nelson, 1995. "Recent Evolutionary Theorizing about Economic Change," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 33(1), pages 48-90, March.
  15. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth Through Creative Destruction," Scholarly Articles 12490578, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  16. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Damien Neven & Claudine Gouymte, 1995. "Regional Convergence in the European Community," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(1), pages 47-65, 03.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Sandra Silva, 2004. "On evolutionary technological change and economic growth: Lakatos as a starting point for appraisal," FEP Working Papers, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto 139, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  2. Paula Faria & Francisco Vitorino da Silva Martins & Elísio Fernando Moreira Brandão, 2011. "How R&D and tax incentives influence economic growth: Econometric study for the period between 1995 and 2008 of EU-15," FEP Working Papers, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto 442, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:por:fepwps:96. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.