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Factors Influencing Organizational Structure In The Food Manufacturing, Chemical, Agricultural Wholesaling And Biotechnology Industries

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  • Maude Roucan-Kane

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    (IƱaki Pena
    Michael Boehlje
    Jay Akridge)

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    Abstract

    The objective of this study is to identify factors determining a business investment strategy (i.e., the choice of investment commitment and form of organizational structure) in the food manufacturing, chemical, agricultural wholesaling and biotechnology industries. Propositions regarding strategic alliance theories are tested on over 400 inter-firm collaborative agreements using secondary data from major US and European companies for the 1994-97 period. Results suggest that transactions with lower technological and resource uncertainty levels are more likely to result in investments with a higher commitment level (i.e., acquisitions or majority equity-based controlling investments). The investment commitment level embedded in a single business transaction seems to be affected not only by a goal of cost minimization, but also by strategic motives and firm and industry factors.

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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/47454/2/09-01.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Purdue University, College of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics in its series Working Papers with number 09-01.

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    Length: 36 pages
    Date of creation: 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:pae:wpaper:09-01

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    Related research

    Keywords: Transaction costs; strategic alliances; food manufacturing; chemical; agricultural wholesaling; ag-biotechnology; investment strategy; innovation;

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    1. Pisano, Gary P, 1989. "Using Equity Participation to Support Exchange: Evidence from the Biotechnology Industry," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(1), pages 109-26, Spring.
    2. Hennart, J.-F.M.A., 1989. "Transaction costs theory of equity joint ventures," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-175839, Tilburg University.
    3. Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge, 2004. "The Seed Industry In U.S. Agriculture: An Exploration Of Data And Information On Crop Seed Markets, Regulation, Industry Structure, And Research And Development," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33671, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
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