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Rich States, Poor States: Convergence and Polarisation in India

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  • Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay

Abstract

The distribution dynamics of incomes across Indian states are examined using the entire income distribution rather than using standard regression approaches. The period 1965 to 1997 exhibits twin-peaked dynamics: there are two income convergence clubs at 50% and 125% of the national average income. Disparities across the states declined over the sixties and then increased. The observed polarisation is explained by the disparate distribution of infrastructure, in particular, that of education, irrigation and literacy in the formation of the lower convergence club. Parametric analysis establishes irrigation, education, roads, industrial power consumption and bank deposits as infrastructure components explaining cross-state variation in growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number 266.

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Date of creation: 01 Jun 2006
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:266

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Keywords: Convergence clubs; Distribution dynamics; Education; Infrastructure; Panel data; India;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Mamata Parhi & Claude Diebolt & Tapas Mishra & Prashant Gupta, 2012. "Convergence dynamics of output: Do stochastic shocks and social polarization matter?," Working Papers 12-10, Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC).
  2. Raabe, Katharina, 2011. "The Dynamics of Service Delivery and Agricultural Development in India – A District Level Analysis –," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114783, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  3. A.P.Thirlwall, 2013. "Regional Disparities in Per Capita Income in India: Convergence or Divergence?," Studies in Economics 1313, Department of Economics, University of Kent.
  4. Vijaya R. Sharma & Alok K. Bohara, 2009. "Himalayan Journal of Development and Democracy Vol 3:1, 2008," Working Papers id:1960, eSocialSciences.
  5. Narayan, Seema & Rath, Badri Narayan & Narayan, Paresh Kumar, 2012. "Evidence of Wagner's law from Indian states," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 1548-1557.
  6. Sabyasachi Kar & Debajit Jha & Alpana Kateja, 2011. "Club-convergence and polarization of states: A nonparametric analysis of post-reform India," Indian Growth and Development Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 4(1), pages 53-72, April.
  7. Sabyasachi Kar & Debajit Jha & Alpana Kateja, 2010. "Club-Convergence and Polarisation of States : A Nonparametric Analysis of Post-Reform India," Development Economics Working Papers 23036, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  8. Alessandrini, Michele & Buccellato, Tullio & Scaramozzino, Pasquale, 2008. "Whither the Indian Federation? Regional Disparities and Economic Reforms," MPRA Paper 23416, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Mario Holzner, 2012. "The Determinants of Income Polarization on the Household and Country Level across the EU," wiiw Working Papers 93, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.

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