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Rural Poverty and Aggregate Agricultural Performance in Post-independence India

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  • Bell, Clive
  • Rich, Robert

Abstract

This paper examines the movements in, and determinants of, rural poverty in India, using both new series and quite different econometric procedures form those employed in earlier studies. Specifically, issues of simultaneity bias, of autocorrelation in the poverty series, and of generated regressors are addressed within a unified econometric framework. The evidence provides support for the model specifications, with the following conclusions: (1) there was considerable persistence in poverty, (2) poverty was quite sensitive to contemporaneous real agricultural output per head, with long-run elasticities twice short-run ones, (3) there is some evidence that unanticipated inflation increased poverty, and (4), the economic process was probably distributionally neutral Copyright 1994 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Department of Economics, University of Oxford in its journal Oxford Bulletin of Economics & Statistics.

Volume (Year): 56 (1994)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
Pages: 111-33

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Handle: RePEc:bla:obuest:v:56:y:1994:i:2:p:111-33

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Cited by:
  1. Datt, Gaurav & Ravallion, Martin, 1998. "Farm productivity and rural poverty in India," FCND discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 42, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. Gaurav Datt & Martin Ravallion, 2002. "Is India's Economic Growth Leaving the Poor Behind?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 16(3), pages 89-108, Summer.
  3. Datt, Gaurav & Ravallion, Martin, 1996. "Why have some Indian states done better than others at reducing rural poverty?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1594, The World Bank.
  4. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav, 1995. "Growth and poverty in rural India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1405, The World Bank.
  5. Bigsten, Arne & Levin, Jorgen, 2001. "Growth, Income Distribution, and Poverty: A Review," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  6. Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay, 2011. "Rich States, Poor States: Convergence And Polarisation In India," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 58(3), pages 414-436, 07.
  7. Fan, Shenggen & Hazell, P. B. R. & Thorat, Sukhadeo, 1999. "Linkages between government spending, growth, and poverty in rural India:," Research reports, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 110, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  8. Fan, Shenggen & Hazell, P. B. R., 1999. "Are returns to public investment lower in less-favored rural areas?: an empirical analysis of India," EPTD discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 43, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  9. Mukherjee, Anit N. & Kuroda, Yoshimi, 2002. "Convergence in rural development: evidence from India," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 385-398.
  10. Andrew Goudie & Paul Ladd, 1999. "Economic growth, poverty and inequality," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(2), pages 177-195.
  11. Mukherjee, Anit N. & Kuroda, Yoshimi, 2003. "Productivity growth in Indian agriculture: is there evidence of convergence across states?," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, Blackwell, vol. 29(1), pages 43-53, July.
  12. Fan, Shenngen & Hazell, Peter & Haque, T., 2000. "Targeting public investments by agro-ecological zone to achieve growth and poverty alleviation goals in rural India," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 411-428, August.
  13. Fan, Shenggen & Hazell, P. B. R., 1997. "Should India invest more in less-favored areas?:," EPTD discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 25, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  14. Suryanarayana, M.H., 2002. "Poverty in India: Misspecified Policies and Estimates," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  15. Datt, Gaurav & Ravallion, Martin, 1997. "Why have some Indian states performed better than others at reducing rural poverty?," FCND discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 26, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  16. Mukherjee, Anit N. & Kuroda, Yoshimi, 2003. "Productivity growth in Indian agriculture: is there evidence of convergence across states?," Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 29(1), July.

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